Archivio per il tag 'sport psychology'

Recensione libro: Handbook of Embodied Cognition and Sport Psychology

Risultati immagini per Handbook of Embodied Cognition and Sport Psychology

Handbook of Embodied Cognition and Sport Psychology

Massimiliano Cappuccio (a cura di)

Cambridge, MIT Press

2019, 26 chapters, 740 pages

 

Although sport is played with the body, it is won in the mind.

(Aidan Moran, Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2004)

From the Introduction (Massimiliano Cappuccio)

Today, to clarify the mission and the scope of sport psychology requires understanding the deep intertwinement of “body” and “mind” within the framework of cognitive science and cognitive philosophy. That is one of the reasons a joint venture between sport psychologists and cognitive scientists—including, importantly, cognitive philosophers—is a must.

This volume is composed of seven sections. With the help of multidisciplinary teams of researchers, each section explores a particular area of thematic interest situated at the intersection of embodied cognitive science and sport psychology.

Section 1 presents the key notions and concepts necessary to lay the theoretical foundation of our interdisciplinary discourse. The very meaning of embodied cognition, and the reasons that make it relevant to the theory and practice of sport psychology, are introduced and discussed.

Section 2 tackles one of the issues that most seriously concerns athletic performance: the nature of embodied skill, its cognitive preconditions, and the factors that disrupt it. A correct understanding of the roles played by attention, self-awareness, and conscious- ness is key to developing a consistent theoretical account of both sport performance in optimal conditions and its failure in pressure-filled environments (the so-called choking effect).

Section 3 talks about the role of sport pedagogy inspired by the embodied theory, how cognitive enhancement is facilitated when accompanied by an appropriate regime of physical exercise and training.

Chapter 11 investigates an issue that is hotly debated by scientists and various categories of people working in the sport business: What is talent, and how can it be identified? Is it an inherited gift or the result of long and hard training? According to the authors philosopher Mirko Farina and sport psychologist Alberto Cei, the answer suggested by embodied cognition is articulated and complex: appropriate practice and intense experience during optimal periods of development, characterized by higher rates of neuroplasticity, can express and maximize the innate potential if accompanied by environments conducive to learning and well-designed training methods.

Section 4 is dedicated to the intersubjective and social dimension of sport skills, with a particular emphasis on team sports and other competitive athletic disciplines.

Section 5 discusses the best research methods in the social sciences for developing the sociological, anthropological, and cultural side of sport practices.

Section 6 deepens the theoretical background: according to the ecological approach to perception, objects are not just neutral sources of visual information, but “invite” the actions allowed by their shapes and their intrinsic possibilities of manipulation.

Section 7 inquires about the source of the mind’s predictive capabilities. This inquiry, central for both the tradition of philosophical psychology and the future of embodied cognition, is particularly debated now that predictive processing theory promises to unify the understanding of various mental functions (perception, imagination, memory, inference) under the same general Bayesian mechanics: the brain’s fundamental goal is to reduce the mismatch between sensory input and the corresponding predictions generated by feedforward systems.

14° Congresso Mondiale di Psicologia dello Sport: abstract e voto

A luglio del 2017 si terrà a Siviglia il 14° Congresso Mondiale di Psicologia dello Sport. Il tema del Congresso è: “The integration of science and practice through multicultural bridges, gender and social equality. La deadline per l’invio degli abstract è il 16 gennaio 2017.

Durante il Congresso si voterà anche per l’elezione del nuovo Comitato Direttivo dell’International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP). Avrà diritto al voto solo chi avrà pagato l’iscrizione all’ISSP negli ultimi due anni.

Negli anni passati,  per poter votare era sufficiente pagare i due anni insieme direttamente all’iscrizione al Congresso, ora  questa regola è stata cambiata. Per votare (anche per posta) è ora necessario pagare la quota associativa del 2016 entro la fine di quest’anno e quella del 2017 nel prossimo anno. Indipendentemente dalle preferenze, che non sono state ancora ufficializzate, è necessario impegnarsi per fare conoscere questa nuova regola affinché il maggior numero di italiani siano nelle condizioni di poter votare. Vi chiedo quindi di sollecitare soci e amici a iscriversi fin da ora alla ISSP o di regolarizzare le proprie quote. Tutti coloro che non lo faranno entro il 2016, saranno infatti esclusi dalla possibilità di voto nel 2017.

 

 

50 anni fa nasceva a Roma la Psicologia dello Sport

Roma, 20 aprile 1965, Aula Magna del Comitato Olimpico Italiano. Sono questi il luogo e il momento in cui, grazie all’iniziativa di un piccolo gruppo di studiosi guidati da Ferruccio Antonelli, è nata la Società Internazionale di Psicologia dello Sport (International Society of Sport Psychology – ISSP). Tutto ciò è successo durante il 1° Congresso Internazionale ISSP di Psicologia dello Sport, un evento capace di segnare l’inizio dell’era moderna nel campo della Psicologia dello Sport.

Da quel momento sono state, infatti, poste le basi per lo sviluppo di reti professionali e scientifiche. Da allora, la psicologia dello sport si è diffusa a livello internazionale e le conoscenze in questo campo si sono enormemente sviluppate.  Sono state fondate le diverse Società continentali a partire dalla North American Society of Sport Physical Activity (NASSPA) e dalla Federazione europea di Psicologia dello Sport (FEPSAC). Parallelamernte, sono nate società nazionali, soprattutto nei paesi europei.

Esattamente 50 anni dopo, la ricorrenza sarà celebrata nello stesso luogo, a Roma nella medesima Aula del Comitato Olimpico Italiano, in una occasione unica di incontro tra i vertici del mondo dello Sport e i rappresentanti della Psicologia. Per due giorni (il 19-20 Aprile 2015), durante il Seminario per il 50° Anniversario di questo evento, cercheremo di ricordare il passato e tutti coloro che hanno lavorato per lo sviluppo della Società.

Celebrare la storia ISSP è però l’occasione per guardare al futuro e alle opportunità che riserva alla Psicologia dello Sport. Per questo, il motto della manifestazione è “Un Ponte tra il Passato e il Futuro”. Il programma del 50° Anniversario del Seminario ISSP comprenderà lezioni magistrali, workshop, simposi invitati e sessioni poster aperte a tutti i partecipanti. Una Tavola Rotonda dei precedenti Presidenti ISSP sarà l’occasione per riflettere sul percorso storico, mentre a rappresentare simbolicamente il futuro saranno le lectures presentate dai vincitori del ISSP Developing Scholar Award 2013. La scadenza per le registrazioni e per l’invio degli abstact è il 15 Febbraio.

Tutte le informazioni sono disponibili all’indirizzo web http://www.events-communication.net/b57/index.php?lang=it

Recensione: Secrets of Asian Sport Psychology

Secrets of Asian Sport Psychology

Edited by: Peter C. Terry, Zhang Li-Wei, Kim YoungHo,
Tony Morris, and Stephanie Hanrahan

Free download at http://peterterry.wix.com/books

 

Secrets of Asian Sport Psychology includes more than 20 accounts of how many of the world’s best athletes have used sport psychology techniques to achieve their success. The book links countries in the Asian-South Pacific region to the sports at which they excel. Learn about the sport psychology secrets of Archery in Korea, Gymnastics in China, Boxing in the Philippines, Golf in Taiwan, Triathlon in Australia, Rugby in New Zealand, Judo in Japan, Wrestling in Iran, Shooting in India, and much much more.

 Written by experienced applied practitioners working at the front line of elite sport, Secrets of Asian Sport Psychology provides a series of authentic accounts of the psychology underpinning the success of Olympic and World champions.

Sponsored by the Asian-South Pacific Association of Sport Psychology and the University of Southern Queensland, Secrets of Asian Sport Psychology is the very first text on the subject of applied sport psychology to be published under a creative commons licence.

Peter Terry and I, we are the authors of the chapter entitled Shooting in India, dedicated at our experiences with the top Indian shooters.

Secrets of Asian Sport Psychology are now out in the open! Congratulations on producing the very first Creative Commons licensed book on the subject.”

Emeritus Professor Jim Taylor AM, Honorary Fellow of the Commonwealth of Learning

“Secrets of Asian Sport Psychology is a must read for anyone interested in the psychology of sport.”

Dr. Gangyan Si, President of the International Society of Sport Psychology

Recensione libro: Inside Sport Psychology

Inside Sport Psychology

Costas I. Karageorghis and Peter C. Terry

Human Kinetics Publisher, 2011, p.235

www.HumanKinetics.com

Karageorghis and Terry provide an excellent overview of sport psychology, regarding motivation, self-confidence, anxiety, emotion, concentration, visualization and self-hypnosis. Also mood and music on performance are well treated because they are one of the main authors’ interest. All the themes are presented not only from the scientific side but many anecdotes and exercises are included. I highly recommend this for anyone interested in learning about sport psychology or people looking to improve athletic performance or even to learn general mental skills for life.

In the first chapter entitled “Sport psychology applications” the authors talk about skill acquisition that underlie top performance and about the concept that too often the athletes’ performances are not very consistent during a season and the reason is most of the time related to a reduced mental preparation. At this proposal they ask to the readers to take a moment to reflect on all the excuses they commonly use to explain their worst performances. In this way, Karageorghis and Terry introduce the readers to one of the main aspects of book, that is to propose theories and psychological techniques but also exercises to practice in order to be actively involved in the topics treated. This permit to the readers to be inside the themes of each chapter and to read it in a ease way. The second chapter is about motivation and, after some theoretical introductions, he athletes are driven to identify their main strong and weak points and how to become totally involved, in a flow experience that represents the peak of the intrinsic motivation. The authors look also to the youth coaches when they explain about the relevance of a mastery climate during the training to sustain this intrinsic motivation, de-emphasizing  social comparisons. The following two chapters are about self-confidence and anxiety. Confidence is so important psychological factors that could increase or destroy the performance, starting from this suggestions the authors introduce the Bandura’s self-efficacy approach and try to propose for each of its dimensions practical strategies to improve and sustain the self-confidence using the athletes’ imagery and self-talk skills. The anxiety is treated following the best known approach to explain this phenomenon, its symptoms and responses and the main relaxation techniques to reduce it. Like for the other topics many example of great sport athletes are provided to show that to choke under pressure is something that happens also at the top performers. The book has one of the best explanation of the relation between mood and performance, the authors introduce this topic, show how to assess it and explain how they used it in the daily work with the athletes also before the most important events.  Relation between food and mood are also well described in a way that I believe all the readers will find very useful. Practical suggestions are also provided to show how the self-talk can be used to change the dominant mood in specific time. The chapter about concentration as the previous describe techniques for a better use of this skill; interesting is the section where the authors  provide the suggestions for future attentional training based on the use of new technologies and the web site to explore at this regards. To fulfill the athletes’ potential is necessary to practice visualization and self-hypnosis and the following chapter is devoted to these topics. The last one is about the power of sound, and it’s more related to the Karageorghis’s work in this field. It’s a very useful chapter because usually the sport psychology books talk only in general terms about the music role in training and before the beginning of sport events. We find inside the experiences of the athletes and for someone like the marathoner Paula Radcliffe the music helps her to do much harder workout, while for the double Olympic decathlon athlete, Daley Thompson, the music is not necessary because he is so immersed in his training. In any case, in the chapter the authors talk about the important relation between exercise intensity and preferred music tempo and provide a long list of popular tracks for sport and exercise and which are the useful web sites for planning music programs.