Tag Archive for 'motivazione'

Provide feedback about commitment is a key point to learn

During the training to provide continuous feedback about commitment is a key point to enhance learning. Athletes should be aware about the commitment level they must show during exercises of every training session. The reasons why one should not engage just enough are as follows:

  • promotes technical errors
  • leads to a reduced focus on the task
  • reduces intrinsic motivation
  • obliges the coach to provide the same technical instructions, because the athletes often repeat the same mistakes and improve slowly
  • builds the habit to consider improving as something very hard to get
It is the responsibility of the coach:
  1. stimulate the commitment continuously
  2. accept that athletes just because they undertake with great intensity can commit more technical errors
  3. recognize first the commitment and secondly the technical aspects
  4. stimulate in athletes that the improvement comes by personal commitment
  5. teach be aware that the individual technical and motors limits can be discovered only by training with intensity and motivation
  6. teach to be satisfied of the personal commitment, although it not always determines the quality of performance
  7. teach be aware that the quality of performance is related to the commitment and it takes more than talent to be good athletes
  8. teach, in team sports, the intensity is a collective resource that no one should ignore and everyone should encourage the mates
  9. point out even before technical errors any lack of commitment
  10. explain what are the behaviors that show athletes who train with intensity and that we want to watch in our group

Master athletes in track and field

The phenomenon related to adult and aged people’s practice is more and more increasing, specially in long distance running, but also in the various  track disciplines. A study was carried out on track and field masters, taking part at the Italian Master Championships with the aim of studying motivation, using the self-determination theory, pointing out relations between the psychological dimensions, the different age categories and the characteristics of sport career. Another goal was aimed at identifying a series of information on their sport career, such as the “sport life” and the kind of activity during their practice.

The data about the characteristics of the practice are the following:

  • 55% has been track and field young athlete, while the 40% has practiced athletics
  • 47% started this sport less than two years ago, 27,5% since 2/3 years and 15% since more that 15 years
  • 82,5% practice all the year, while 12,5% only sometimes
  • 46,3% train 3/4 times per week, while 28,8% more often
  • 51,3% train alone, while 35,3% in group and 7,5% both
  • 80% train in a track field
  • 42,5% is without a coach, while 51,3% with a coach
  • 60% don’t train in also in the gym, while 35% in a gym too

(Carbonaro, Cei, Ruscello and Quagliarotti, Atletica Studi, 2016, 3/4, 28-40)

What motivation is for Arrigo Sacchi

Listen from Arrigo Sacchi what does it mean for him motivation, training and have a dream.

Risultati immagini per arrigo sacchi motivazione

Walking is a primary behavior

Walking is one of the primary human activity. Today it is possible to live sitting moving from the bed to a car/bus/train to a chair. Therefore a project that is intended to promote walking becomes more necessary than ever to promote the well-being of citizens.

There are several psychosocial aspects involved in the success of this idea; regarding the substance of the perception that citizens have of:

  1. how valuable and rewarding is to walk in the city,
  2. what motives the walk meets,
  3. how much the overall wellness come out strengthened.

These three aspects should come to constitute a single integrated model, allowing to easily switch to plan to walk (I want to) to the action (I am doing). Be aware of these three aspects and their interaction becomes, therefore, necessary for the success of the project.

Survey data have shown that people appreciate the walk into town if:

  1. they see others walking to work or as an expression of physical activity,
  2. there are green spaces, safe spaces and pleasing to the eye,
  3. the streets are safe,
  4. the accidents to pedestrians are rare,
  5. there are schools where you walk,
  6. the traffic is reduced.

In relation to individual motivations has been noted that people want to perform an activity that:

  1. reduces stress and improve mood,
  2. improves the relationship with their body,
  3. takes place outdoors, they can practice with others,
  4. respects their individual rhythms and is moderately intense,
  5. is easy and affordable.

The third aspect of this approach concerns the promotion of the welfare. This derives from the interaction between the two issues described. It refers to the criteria of walkability and motivation. When they interact positively the individuals show a higher level of personal satisfaction, providing a better sense of well-being.

Sport motivation is the same in all ages of adult life

The preliminary results of a study on track and field Master show that the intrinsic motivation (“I think that this activity is interesting and pleasant”) and the identified regulation (“ I think that this activity is good for me”) are the two most important dimension to persist in sport in all the different period of the adult age. They do not practice sport  ”because it is something that I have to do” (external regulation) or if you are not motivated: “I do this activity but I am not sure if it is worth it” (Amotivation).

(Source  Fidal, G. Carbonaro, A. Cei e C. Quagliarotti , data not published).

Children have to practice different sports

Skill + motivation + attitude = success

Skill is what you’re capable of doing.

Motivation determines what you do.

Attitude determines how well you do it.

(Lou Holtz)

and remember:

The motivation is all for the winning athletes

Many athletes believe that to be fit nd have developed their sports skills at the highest level are sufficient conditions to succeed in sport. In this spirit they compete and when their performance is unsuccessful, they do not know how this could be happen, because they felt so ready, that they should not go wrong. They show, in essence, a mechanical and simplified conception of competitive performance, according to which the owning physical fitness and sports skills should determine winning results.  As states Wilma Rudolph this, however, does not occur because they have underestimated the power of dreams and the spirit. They did not understand that fitness and skill are only the prerequisites for success, which it’s instead determined by the motivation to express the best of their abilities. Without that kind of motivation they do not go anywhere. Of course to show this attitude of perseverance and high intensity  before and during the race is very expensive, it takes away a lot of energy, without necessarily ensuring the victory, since there are also the opponents. Who supports this attitude will receive great satisfaction from the sport, the others will remain good athletes that they could have achieved more, by virtue of their skills but who have not taken till the end of this trip within their motivation.

The mental skills of the EG winners in Baku

Attending at European Games in Baku, I learned once again that in order to provide a high level of performance, that is, to perform at the best of your ability are necessary patience, toughness and motivation.

Patience is needed to get in that state of mind which the athletes have to repeat during the event what they have been prepared in training. When you are not in this state of mind it’s easy to become impulsive, rushing the action or to slow down for fear of making mistakes. In either case the athletes make a mistake and lose the movement fluidity, speed and accuracy.

Toughness is necessary because in every race there are hard times and mental and physical difficulties to be overcome successfully. Tenacity indicates how the athletes are combatives and persistents in this attitude throughout the race. In times of increased competitive pressure or after a mistake they have to work  to quickly find the optimal mental state to pass this obstacle. Many athletes instead fall into this trap, because they do not accept the difficulties and therefore not undertake to reset the mind and with patience to find the best state before continuing. They are not ready to continue, thinking instead that these mistakes should not happen and then they do not put in place a plan to correct immediately.

Motivation is necessary because it’s an expression of the intensity with which people want to achieve a specific goal. To compete the intensity must be at maximum, otherwise the athletes can not engage with patience and tenacity. International athletes want to win but some of them remain focused on this idea rather than focusing on what to do to achieve this goal. If stalled in the first phase, the motivation is nothing: it’s like to have a powerful  revving engine without to put the gears as it should.

Toughness during recreational activities

We often speak abou in ret toughness in relation to athletes’ performances, but we must not forget that it’s a skill psychological very useful for people who do recreational sports as a leisure activity. In particular, it’s used to support these different situations:

  • Manage emotions and the body activation in difficult moments
  • Feel fully involved in the activity that is taking place
  • Do the exercises as a pleasant challenge
  • Recognize and appreciate the beneficial effects of the persistence of this habit
  • Perceive the physical effort as needed to improve the personal and social well-being
  • Recognize and appreciate the little weekly improvements
  • Support motivation when tired