Tag Archive for 'errori'

Provide feedback about commitment is a key point to learn

During the training to provide continuous feedback about commitment is a key point to enhance learning. Athletes should be aware about the commitment level they must show during exercises of every training session. The reasons why one should not engage just enough are as follows:

  • promotes technical errors
  • leads to a reduced focus on the task
  • reduces intrinsic motivation
  • obliges the coach to provide the same technical instructions, because the athletes often repeat the same mistakes and improve slowly
  • builds the habit to consider improving as something very hard to get
It is the responsibility of the coach:
  1. stimulate the commitment continuously
  2. accept that athletes just because they undertake with great intensity can commit more technical errors
  3. recognize first the commitment and secondly the technical aspects
  4. stimulate in athletes that the improvement comes by personal commitment
  5. teach be aware that the individual technical and motors limits can be discovered only by training with intensity and motivation
  6. teach to be satisfied of the personal commitment, although it not always determines the quality of performance
  7. teach be aware that the quality of performance is related to the commitment and it takes more than talent to be good athletes
  8. teach, in team sports, the intensity is a collective resource that no one should ignore and everyone should encourage the mates
  9. point out even before technical errors any lack of commitment
  10. explain what are the behaviors that show athletes who train with intensity and that we want to watch in our group

Not all the mistake are equals: rules from business to sport context

“A sophisticated understanding of failure’s causes and contexts will help to avoid the blame game and institute an effective strategy for learning from failure. Although an infinite number of things can go wrong … mistakes fall into three broad categories:

Preventable - Most failures in this category can indeed be considered “bad.” They usually involve deviations from spec in the closely defined processes of high-volume or routine operations … With proper training and support, employees can follow those processes consistently. When they don’t, deviance, inattention, or lack of ability is usually the reason. But in such cases, the causes can be readily identified and solutions developed.

Complexity-related –  A large number of …failures are due to the inherent uncertainty of work. A particular combination of needs, people, and problems may have never occurred before  … To consider them bad is not just a misunderstanding of how complex systems work; it is counterproductive. Avoiding consequential failures means rapidly identifying and correcting small failures.

Intelligent - Failures in this category can rightly be considered “good,” because they provide valuable new knowledge that can help an organization leap ahead of the competition and ensure its future growth—which is why the Duke University professor of management Sim Sitkin calls them intelligent failures. They occur when experimentation is necessary: when answers are not knowable in advance because this exact situation hasn’t been encountered before and perhaps never will be again.”

(By Amy C. Edmondson)

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The athletes’ main psychological mistakes

The athletes’ main psychological mistakes:

  1. Think that feel healthy is enough to do the best.
  2. Visualize the race without providing for the possible difficulties that could be happened and not provide a way to solve them.
  3. Be too much/little activated, driven by the desire to win or the fear of not succeeding.
  4. Be so much worried about the race and not focused on the present but on what might happen of negative.
  5. Not thinking the difficulties during the race as a normal part of the performance but as personal incompetence.

Are you willing to make mistakes?

At any age you can choose to change

You can always start over

as long as you are willing to make mistakes.

Enthusiasm and concentration

The defeats and the tough times have many fathers, too often we see athletes on an athletic field rather than on a tennis court or pool not showing the enthusiasm of staying on the field despite the difficulties. This is one of the secrets of who claims him/herself the ultimate commitment. We must not let go to common errors just because the morale is dropping, we have to train ourself to maintain a high level of mental readiness. Be focused requires a great mental effort, but only if we are predisposed to do it we can know our limits.

The athletes must always remember that what happened first determines what will happen after. So that the emotional state at a given time will determine how will compete immediately after. We should not use as an alibi our mistakes or capabilities of the opponent, we must always be focused on skills and on what it needs to be done. This should be the mental approach to the race, after which each sport requires a specific approach for responding to the needs that requires.

The main mistakes of U21 tennis players

Major errors of youth under 21 playing tennis:

  1. Believe to know play tennis is sufficient to know play a match
  2. Do not be aware that being fast  is one of the most important mental aspects to play a match
  3. Have not a plan when in the game they do not know what to do
  4. Think that a point can change the match (or “turn the match” as they say)
  5. Think that the opponent does not make them play or just makes winning shots, when they should concentrate on what to give up
  6. Be depressed/upset when they are losing or being afraid to win when they lead the match
  7. Do not be aware why the warm-up is useful not only for a physical reason
  8. Ignore that is what they think/feel before to start a point to determine how they will play it
  9. Do not be quickly aware how to play against the opponent
  10. Think to win the points rather than thinking how to play the game (speed , hit the ball and throw it long)

A coach talking only of technique makes big mistakes

Increasingly I hear of coaches involved almost exclusively to train the athletes ‘ sports technical component while ignoring the mental component and in global terms the psychological dimension of the life of their athletes. This attitude determines in many athletes problems and a relatively  frozen communication.

Obviously this approach is wrong, limiting the athletes’ sports development. At this regard, I want to remember what was already told since 1938 by Dale Carnegie, one of the greatest of interpersonal communicators:

  • Today ne of the less popular qualities is that of knowing how to appreciate people.
  • In our relationships we should never forget that our  life or work fellows are human beings and as such greedy of gratification. That’s the secret.
  • And no flattery. Appreciation must be honest and sincere.
  • If you want people to be happy to be with you, you must demonstrate that you are happy to be in their company.

Napoli mental mistakes

Following the analysis of the match Real Madrid-Napoli we can highlight the following mental errors of Napoli. A team is ready to play at a high level if:

Leaders lead the team – Hamsik did it for too little time at high level, as well as other main players.

It’s concentrated in a positive way – Napoli appeared to just concentrate and insecure in follow the instructions of his coach.

Players are determined – Napoli lost too many balls at the beginning of the new actions, too many individual mistakes. These are signs of excess tension.

It manages the high expectations that are created for the decisive matches – Instead players choked with these expectations of glory that have reduced the effectiveness of their game. Real Madrid went down but this team knew how to get out the game. Napoli went ahead but it couldn’t handle this positive momentum.

It’s convinced to be able to win – you can win or lose but it must be cultivate tirelessly the belief that you will win if you follow the game plan. Napoli has probably shown this habit at a medium level but high expectations require high levels of physical, mental readiness, persistent toughness and high intensity match last 15m.

It’s essential to coach the habit to be ready

The athletes often imagine that on race day they will be ready to face it. The results teach that this result occurs infrequently. It happens more often that athletes get scared, they get too worried and provide poor performance.

The athletes have to train themselves to change. The habits become useful only when behaviors that define them were repeated, repeated and repeated again. We must not settle for train-enough-well, because we do not build winning habits. We have to continually improve and consolidate the progress made.

It’s a kind of emotionally compelling work. Each exercise must be first mentally imagined, just as if we were providing that exercise at that time. Only after this mental exercise, the athletes should switch to perform the exercise. The principle is: the performance starts when the mind is ready to begin. Never before.

The justification don’t follow this procedure  it’s to think: “If I’m wrong anyway?” We are too focused on the outcome. We find difficult to accept the mistakes and when we do wrong, too easily we become upset or depressed.

One of the main purposes of the workout is to accept the mistakes, going immediately back at the personal optimal emotional condition.

 

 

Coaches do not teach the athletes to accept the mistakes

The coaches teach athletes to accept mistakes.

False. Coaches frequently speak of this need but rarely take the time in training to teach it. This is not a teaching strategy to say to a young “you did wrong, do not worry, go ahead and focused on what you need to do.” Because the athletes are instead worried, continue to think to the mistake committed and they lose the focus on what they should do. The coaches often think: “I do not know what to tell them, they know that for me is not a problem if they make mistakes, I just want they stay focused on the next action.” Athletes do not change and do not improve by applying pre-established sentences: if you are agitated, is calm; If you are distracted, concentrated; if you’re depressed, think positively. We must instead train to react positively to the errors. In tennis, for instance,  if in a game there are 200 points, the winning goes the player who makes less mistakes than the other. In this case, it could win the game by making 90 mistakes, therefore to accept this amount of mistakes is crucial if the player want to succeed. The tennis coaches who are always ready to provide technical instructions in training as a result of one mistake, blocking the game and providing explanations, rarely behave in the same manner as a result of mental mistakes. For example, if a player at the end of one point hastens the serve timing execution he/she is never stopped to bring it back to the timing of proper execution. In other words, almost exclusively coaches train the technique or the tactique and rarely the behavioral reactions, teaching to stop those harmful and stimulating those useful in the game.