Tag Archive for 'master'

Master athlete secrets

More and more people over35 continue to play sports at a competitive level and this article published by the Canadian organization that deals with sports and physical activity proposes how coaches should behave with this type of athletes.

The training of masters is a relatively new topic, which has caught medical experts and physiologists off guard because, thinking in the traditional way, they have reached an age in which it is no longer possible to provide absolute level performance. These limits are scientifically demonstrated but the relevant question seems to me to be another.
What are the limits that masters who play sports in a competitive way can reach is not so clear, we know much better the damage caused by sedentariness. It would be interesting to know more about the relationship between genetics, psychology, medicine and physiology. Also to know better the numbers would be useful. If I think of people my age, that is, over 65, we know that in Italy only 10% of men and 8% of women practice sports continuously and that 5% of marathon runners fall into this age group. However, we do not know how many are those who train regularly weekly in a specific sport rather than those who walk. We know that an activity carried out in a balanced way, not wearing out the body is desirable, but what is the difference between these people and those who instead perform competitive activities. Does the secret lie in lifestyle or in genetics, in the wear and tear to which they subjected themselves in previous decades? These are the questions to which we can give answers, in my opinion for now generic or based on social stereotypes.

In the meantime, let’s read this Canadian research that opens a glimpse into the training of masters and the skills of coaches.

With muscles, ‘use it or lose it’ rings true

This study included 40 recreational masters athletes between the ages of 40 and 81, who trained 4 to 5 times a week for running, swimming or cycling. Neither leg muscle size nor strength declined significantly with age among the subjects…

In Italy master in PS don’t help to find work

In Italia la questione della formazione in psicologia dello sport degli psicologi continua a essere un problema non risolto. Tralasciando quelli il cui solo scopo è di fare lavorare i formatori che v’insegnano, anche quelli meglio strutturati hanno notevoli limiti.

Vediamo quali sono a mio avviso:

  1. La quasi totalità propone una formazione centrata a insegnare competenze che dovranno servire per lavorare nell’ambito della prestazione di livello assoluto ed essenzialmente con gli atleti, ignorando la consulenza con gli allenatori o l’organizzazione sportiva. In tal modo molti aspetti del mondo sportivo di alto livello non vengono considerati e i giovani laureati avranno, di conseguenza, difficoltà a interagire con una parte fondamentale (gli allenatori, i dirigenti) dell’ambiente degli atleti.
  2. Due ambiti importanti di lavoro vengono tralasciati nella formazione in psicologia dello sport. Il primo riguarda i programmi di avviamento allo sport (6-12 anni) e l’età dell’adolescenza. Questo ambito, è tra l’altro uno di quelli più facilmente aperti agli psicologi ma in cui è necessario avere delle competenze specifiche mentre quelle riguardanti l’alto livello non sono spendibili se pensiamo all’infanzia e vanno comunque adeguate anche nelle diverse età dell’adolescenza. In queste fasce di età, inoltre, il rapporto con i genitori rappresenta un altro fattore con cui si deve interagire in modo costruttivo. Il secondo ambito importante riguarda, lo sport come diritto di cittadinanza e come fattore di benessere. Anche in questo settore gli psicologi non acquisiscono competenze, se non una generica convinzione che lo sport è un fattore essenziale per la vita di ognuno e della comunità.
  3. Un campo in cui gli psicologi non hanno competenze specifiche riguarda la metodologia dell’allenamento e l’insegnamento sportivo. Com’è possibile interagire con gli allenatori (molti dei quali oggi sono laureati in scienze motorie che hanno sostenuto diversi esami di psicologia) se non si conosce il loro mondo e se non si ha consapevolezza di come s’imparano i gesti sportivi, di cosa sia l’apprendimento motorio o di quale sia l’interazione fra preparazione fisica e psicologia?
  4. Un ulteriore aspetto limitativo dei master odierni è la mancanza di un tirocinio supervisionato per un tempo adeguato (almeno di quattro mesi) presso un’organizzazione sportiva. Ciò che è comune in qualsiasi altro tipo di master, è invece pressoché assente nei master in psicologia dello sport.
  5. Un ultimo aspetto limitante le proposte formative attuali, riguarda l’assenza di come lo psicologo dovrebbe proporsi nell’ambito territoriale e professionale in cui intende svolgere la sua attività. Il tema è quello del marketing di se stessi, essenziale, poiché bisogna sapere come proporsi, come costruire il proprio network professionale, come scrivere un progetto e negoziare un budget, come interagire con i dirigenti di un società sportiva che probabilmente hanno un’idea generica di quali servizi lo psicologo dello sport potrebbe offrire.
A mio avviso, la mancanza di questi ambiti formativi riduce notevolmente le opportunità di promozione e diffusione di questo ambito lavorativo, lasciando lo psicologo in una condizione di minorità rispetto alle altre professionalità che da tempo operano in modo consolidato nello sport.

Master athletes in track and field

The phenomenon related to adult and aged people’s practice is more and more increasing, specially in long distance running, but also in the various  track disciplines. A study was carried out on track and field masters, taking part at the Italian Master Championships with the aim of studying motivation, using the self-determination theory, pointing out relations between the psychological dimensions, the different age categories and the characteristics of sport career. Another goal was aimed at identifying a series of information on their sport career, such as the “sport life” and the kind of activity during their practice.

The data about the characteristics of the practice are the following:

  • 55% has been track and field young athlete, while the 40% has practiced athletics
  • 47% started this sport less than two years ago, 27,5% since 2/3 years and 15% since more that 15 years
  • 82,5% practice all the year, while 12,5% only sometimes
  • 46,3% train 3/4 times per week, while 28,8% more often
  • 51,3% train alone, while 35,3% in group and 7,5% both
  • 80% train in a track field
  • 42,5% is without a coach, while 51,3% with a coach
  • 60% don’t train in also in the gym, while 35% in a gym too

(Carbonaro, Cei, Ruscello and Quagliarotti, Atletica Studi, 2016, 3/4, 28-40)

European Master in Sport & Exercise Psychology

The European Master in Sport and Exercise Psychology from the University of Thessaly in Greece is a postgraduate program with internationally renowned teaching staff and visiting professors from all over the world. The program with international students and the experience of the competitive “Erasmus Mundus program” provides mobility opportunities for studying abroad and obtaining a double degree. Students get high quality theoretical training and practical experience in the fast growing field of Exercise and Sport Psychology. The program places emphasis on independent and cooperative learning, and the development of communication skills,in a warm and friendly environment.



Sport motivation is the same in all ages of adult life

The preliminary results of a study on track and field Master show that the intrinsic motivation (“I think that this activity is interesting and pleasant”) and the identified regulation (“ I think that this activity is good for me”) are the two most important dimension to persist in sport in all the different period of the adult age. They do not practice sport  ”because it is something that I have to do” (external regulation) or if you are not motivated: “I do this activity but I am not sure if it is worth it” (Amotivation).

(Source  Fidal, G. Carbonaro, A. Cei e C. Quagliarotti , data not published).

Italian Football Association open its doors to the sport psychologists

Waiting that the role of sport psychologist is required again among the requested criteria to become in Italy Elite Football School, the youth and school department of the Italian Football Association has nevertheless made a significant step forward in the recognition of this professional. It has decided and informed the football schools that the choice of the psychologist to use in the clubs will take place only among those who attended a master’s degree in sport psychology. Therefore, from next year it will not be enough to be graduated in psychology  but it will need to have a title proving to have this specific training in sport psychology. The recognition of the specificity of this professional field is important because as with the doctor there are specific skills that the psychologists ignore and instead are needed to work with the young children and adolescents and there are clinical or psychotherapeutic skills to be used by the psychologists must be adequate to the sport context in which they will work.

University master in Sport Psychology

L’Università Telematica San Raffaele, Roma, ha deciso di attivare un Master Universitario di II Livello in Psicologia dello Sport di cui sarò il direttore scientifico (www.unisanraffaele.gov.it.) Si tratta di un’esperienza unica in Italia, poiché la sfida che ci attende è di coniugare insegnamenti web con workshop in aula e un tirocinio supervisionato presso organizzazioni sportive.

Ho dedicato la mia vita professionale all’affermazione e sviluppo in Italia di questa disciplina della psicologia e sono onorato che l’Università Telematica San Raffaele abbia accettato di intraprendere questa nuova sfida in un ambito innovativo, che richiede professionalità specifica e competente.

Il Master è aperto  solo a chi possiede la laurea magistrale in Psicologia conseguito in Italia, ovvero di laurea in Psicologia conseguita secondo il previgente ordinamento universitario ovvero essere in possesso di un titolo equipollente.

Il Master prevede 1.500 ore di lavoro a carico dello studente, articolate in  lezioni online, 2 workshop in sede, un tirocinio supervisionato presso enti e organizzazioni sportive e la preparazione di un Project work finale.

Il tirocinio, della durata di quattro mesi, si svolgerà in strutture quali Scuole Calcio della FIGC, Società Sportive e altre organizzazioni sportive presenti nella tua area geografica di residenza

Il lavoro effettuato nel tirocinio sarà presentato nel Project work discusso al termine del Master.

I docenti sono professori universitari, psicologi professionisti che lavorano in ambito sportivo e docenti della Scuola dello Sport del Coni. Le aree che verranno trattate riguardano:

  •  Gruppi e dinamiche di gruppo nello sport,
  • Processi cognitivi e tecniche psicologiche per l’incremento delle prestazioni sportive
  • Lo sport nelle diverse fasi del ciclo della vita
  • Il marketing di se stesso,
  • Strumenti e tecniche di valutazione psicologica nello sport
  • Sport, salute e benessere
  • Psicologia delle organizzazioni sportive
  • L’organizzazione del settore giovanile
  • Fondamenti di metodologia dell’allenamento
Maggiori informazioni su www.unisanraffaele.gov.it.

University master in Sport Psychology

University Master in “Sport Psycology”

organized by Università Telematica San Raffaele, Roma, Italy

under the patronage of AISP – Associazione Italiana Psicologia dello Sport

 2014/2015, 1° edition

1.500 hours of online lessons, workshops and professional stage  

 registration deadline: November 1 2014

information and registration:


University master in Sport Psychology

It’s with great pleasure that I introduce the new initiative of Telematic University San Raffaele, Rome. It decided to open a University Master Degree in Sport Psychology in which I  will be the scientific director. It’s a unique experience in Italy, because the challenge facing us is to combine teaching with web, workshop in the classroom and a supervised internship in sports organizations. We are building the best that can be provided in the Italian sports science and certainly the internship will provide an opportunity for psychologists to know and learn from the world of sport. As you know I have dedicated my life to the affirmation and development in Italy of this discipline of psychology and I am honored that the Telematic University San Raffaele has agreed to take on this new challenge in an innovative field requiring  specific and competent professional skills.
The course is open to graduates in psychology. For admission, you must have to graduate in Psychology obtained in Italy or degree in Psychology.
The Master provides 1,500 hours of work by the student (60 credits), divided into online classes, workshops on-site, a supervised internship in institutions and sports organizations and the preparation of a final project work.
The internship, which lasts for four months, will be held in structures such as the FIGC Football Schools, sports clubs and other sports organizations on the national territory.
The work carried out during the internship will be presented in the Project work discussed at the end of the Master.
In order to participate in the Master, whose launch is scheduled for December 2014, you need to reach the pre-registration application no later than October 1 pv.
The registration fee amounts to € 2,500.00.
At the end of the course of study will be graduating from the Master’s Degree in “Sport Psychology” awarded by the Chancellor of the Telematic University San Raffaele, Rome.

For more information: masterpsicologiadellosport@unisanraffaele.gov.it