Archive for the 'Corsa' Category

Marathon runners’ motivation

Carbonaro, G., Cei, A., Ruscello, B, e Quagliarotti, C. (2020). La maratona di Roma: caratteristiche motivazionali e strutturali dei partecipanti. Atletica Studi, 2, 39-52.

A year later, the research report on the participation in the 2019 Rome Marathon, thanks to the organization of the event by Italian Track and Field Federation, is published. The research has investigated the motivational profiles, and some references on the training habits of marathon runners, according to the various age groups. The world of runners is still largely unexplored and this is a stimulus to deepen its characteristics from different points of view.

First sports games for athletes with disabilities

On 28 July 1948 the first sports games for athletes with disabilities were held, organised by neurologist Ludwig Guttmann.

My books

Marathon runner motivation and coaching

In the next issue of the Journal of Italian Track and Filed Federation.

Holidays in movement

Summer vacation’s coming and we all want to move more… We feel the need to do something different, to overcome laziness, to get out of the fear of getting sick being in the middle of nature, breathing cleaner air and feeling the body and mind.

So what are the needs to which this need to be physically active provides an answer:

  • Movement - We live in a society that forces us to lead a sedentary life, walking to work or playing in the street are almost unthinkable activities and we must make up for this reduction in spontaneous movement by institutionalizing moments of the day to be dedicated exclusively to physical/sports activities.
  • Educating own body – The best example is given by children in their first years of life, observing them is enough to understand how much effort they put in learning to walk and run or in acquiring those processes of self-regulation that allow them to learn and reduce the risk of injury.
  • Self-realization - A modality linked to sport for all consists in maintaining a condition of satisfactory psychophysical well-being. Those who use substances that are harmful to health or abuse drugs to improve their physical appearance or sports performance are not acceptable as forms of positive enhancement.
  • Belonging - For many people, the search for social contact through sports practice is one of the main motivation. Sport becomes synonymous with group activity. One activity above all: running; an individual sport that takes place in a group, because the need to be together is a fundamental psychological dimension.
  • Game and adventure - Sport for all means sport for everyone, in which the subjectivity and needs of the individual prevail over the rule of the traditional competitive model. Adventure is that of the sedentary person who decides to overcome his or her mental resistance to follow a program of physical activity in the gym.
  • Living in a natural environment - Doing physical activity immersed in nature does not arise solely from the pleasure of breathing cleaner air or smelling scents that we are no longer used to in the city. It’s a deepneed coming from our soul.

Role and effects of the experience

 

Learn from experience

The long march of the affirmation of Sports psychology at the Olympics

On the occasion of the 50st Anniversary of the International Journal of Sport Psychology and

the publication of next special issue dedicated to the history of sport psychology from the 70′s up today by Sidonio Serpa, Fabio Lucidi and Alberto Cei.

We want to highlight how at the beginning of the 70s, the affirmation of this discipline in the world of absolute sport performance was very limited. To a large extent athletes did not follow psychological preparation programs and psychologists did not attend in the most important events such as the Olympics.

At the end of the Olympic Games in Munich -1972, Ferruccio Antonelli addressed many psychologists asking “to write some short observations under psychological point of view“. Nine sent a short commentary and were published in No. 2, 1972 of the Journal.

The historical value of this initiative by Antonelli and of remembering it today, consists in documenting how the affirmation of the sport psychology applied to high-level sport has been a long and slow process. And it took about 15 years to have at Los Angeles – 1984 Olympic Games a significant number of sports psychologists on the Olympic teams.

In general, the comments denounce the lack of attention to psychology by sports organizations and sports medicine.

J. Cratty (USA), p.99:

“During the Pre-Olympic Scientific Conference, I was questioning daily why there were no psychologists accompanying the American Team. A question which I couldn’t answer, and which proved personally unsettling, particularly, when viewed in the light of subsequent performance and incidences… it is hoped that in future games trained professionals to offer emotional support for athletes will be as common as are the presently available personnel for their physical health.”

J. Ferrer-Hombravella (Spain), p.100:

“Beaucoup d’observations a Munich nous prouvent que les bases de la psychologie du sport sont ignorées par beaucoup de personnes et beaucoup des médecins sportifs inclus.”

H. Rieder (German Fed. Rep.), p.103:

“Sport continues to regard psychology exclusively as a spectacular means of improvising performance without showing any interest in an unconditional and willing cooperation as far as the rather troublesome work of conducting tests and evaluating empirical data is concerned.”

M. Vane (Czechoslovakia), p. 105-106:

We need “Individualization in the care of the competitor (guidance) starting with his education and self-education and ending with intentional psycho-prophylactic, psychoigienic and psycho therapeutic means … it is necessary to point out the development of individualized techniques of cool-up and warm-up directed to an optimization of activation level of the athlete. Th advantage of a cooperation between coach, physician, psychologist and masseur is the evident.”

Too small or too lazy?

The mindset grow orientedmindset

A growth-oriented mindset is revealed when an athlete is convinced that his/her most basic skills can be developed through dedication and hard work, with the knowledge that intelligence and talent are only the starting point. This idea of themselves lays the foundations for researching and appreciating learning and creates a resistance to adversity essential to achieving a great result.

Based on these ideas, one can say that an athlete with a growth-oriented mentality in his/her daily life and in the most stressful events demonstrates these beliefs:

  1. You grow up, you learn.
  2. Intelligence and talent are the basic start point of any success story
  3. Challenges and mistakes are the only opportunity to learn
  4. Maximum commitment, greater competence
  5. Time and hard work are the best ways to improve
  6. Giving up on commitment is the only real kind of failure
  7. Setbacks are a sign of the need to work harder and more consciously
  8. Competitors’ success is stimulating and motivating
  9. Failure is the best learning tool
  10. Feedback and criticism are essential for progress and development

How often do you think like that?