Archive for the 'Giovani' Category

Calcio Insieme for young with motor and intellectual disabilities

Calcio insieme 

Un programma di calcio integrato per giovani 

con disabilità motorie e intellettive

ALBERTO CEI,    MICHELE ROSCI,    DANIELA SEPIO

              Università San Raffaele      AS Roma     Accademia di Calcio Integrato

                          Convegno Nazionale Scientifico AIDEE 2019

                                                   La Disprassia

                                     Roma, 17-18 Novembre 2019

Calcio Insieme, è un progetto promosso dalla Fondazione Roma Cares, Onlus legata al più ampio contesto di responsabilità e sostenibilità  sociale della AS Roma e dalla Asd Accademia Calcio Integrato, il cui obiettivo è lo sviluppo di una cultura dell’integrazione e dell’educazione ai valori dello sport attraverso il calcio.

Obiettivi - Studiare gli effetti di un programma di allenamento basato sull’insegnamento del calcio, su giovani con disprassia e con disturbo dello spettro autistico (ASD) promuovendone le competenze psicosociali, motorie e calcistiche. Nessun altro studio è stato condotto su sport di squadra e a nostra conoscenza i dati a disposizione provengono da sport individuali (Bremer et al., 2016; Luiselli e Cei 2017; Rivilis et al., 2011)) se non sono addirittura sconsigliati (https://dyspraxiafoundation.org.uk/dyspraxia-children/pe-lessons/).

Metodo - 30 partecipanti sono stati sottoposti a valutazione motoria pre/post. Valutazione psicosociale effettuata con interviste pre/post a genitori e insegnanti e con una valutazione svolta sul campo e continuativa nel tempo da istruttori di calcio e psicologi dello sport.

Risultati – Abilità motorie: differenze significative rispetto alle valutazioni iniziali in 6 prove su 10. Abilità calcio “correre con la palla”: il 39,3% non mostra alcun miglioramento, il 28,6% raggiunge un livello intermedio e il 10,7% un livello medio alto di abilità. Interviste ai genitori e insegnanti: percepiscono un incremento delle abilità psicosociali e motorie. Tale incremento differisce in base alla gravità del disturbo del giovane.

Conclusioni - Si conferma quanto emerso dalle rassegne su persone con ASD per cui la dimensione motoria migliora con percorsi specifici di apprendimento sportivo, ma a ciò si aggiunge che l’organizzazione dell’allenamento in attività di gruppo e individuali favorisce lo sviluppo delle competenze psicosociali. Il ridotto numero di giovani con disprassia richiede che i risultati dovranno essere documentati su una popolazione più ampia. Gli sviluppi futuri del progetto andranno verso una distinzione dei programmi di ricerca e di allenamento, con modelli specifici di intervento per le diverse diagnosi coinvolte.

Per sapere di più su Calcio Insieme:

Cei, A., Franceschi, P., Rosci, M., Sepio, D., e Ruscello, B. (2017). Motor and psychosocial development in children with autism spectrum disorder through soccer. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 48, 485-507.

Cei, A. e Luiselli, J. (a cura di) (2017). Sports, exercise and physical health among people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 48, 473-568, Special Issue.

Cei, A., Ruscello, B., e Sepio, D. (2019). Summer camp for children with ASD and parents perception of changes in psycho-social skills. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 50, 162.175.

Cei, A., Sepio, D., e Rosci, M. (in press). Sport, calcio e integrazione: L’esperienza dell’AS Roma con i bambini con disabilità intellettiva. Torgiano: Calzetti e Mariucci.

If you want to know more: send me mail for articles pdf.

Ulteriori informazioni: www.accademiacalciointegrato.com

Be subjected or control?

“You got a choice – you either come in & let your circumstances control your attitude – or you let your attitude control your circumstances.” Attitude is critical to overcoming adversity.

@BradStevensTeam @Celtics

Risultati immagini per brad stevens you got a choice - you either come in

 

The mistakes teach how to win

Made a mistake does not mean I am a failure as an athletes. Making a mistake is a specific behavior or event. Telling that I am a loser is a global self-assessment. Telling, I lost this competition is an objective evaluation and open the door to do better the next one.

Too often the athletes say themselves:

I made several mistakes → I failed the race.→ I am a loser.

A right assessment could be:

I made several mistakes during this race  → I lost it → I need to talk to the coach (or mental coach) and make a plan to avoid these mistakes.

Do this exercise: Think back to a time wen you lose a competition. Please, rewrite the story so that you don’t condemn yourself as an athletes? Be aware how changing the narrative you tell yourself can improve your confidence.

The challenge for psychologists and coaches

As psychologists and coaches we will teach to develop in our athletes an open attitude towards mistakes if we are willing to accept that we may even fail in this task.

Are we willing to take this risk by getting 100% involved in this challenge?

Or do we just teach sports or psychological techniques convinced that they are enough to become good athletes and save ourselves from the  professional failure?

The main coach task

Teaching young people who want to become expert athletes is a very challenging experience and different from working with adult athletes, who have already reached a high international level. They are young teenagers, boys and girls, who have chosen to devote their lives to the task of discovering if they have the qualities to emerge in sport and to turn their passion into a high-level sports career.

In individual sports, by high level we mean an athlete able to be competitive at the international level. In team sports, we refer to playing, at least, at the level of the two highest level national championships.

We know that once these goals  have been set, they must be set aside because the athletes must focus on what they need to do to improve and lead their daily life. We also know that it is not easy to acquire this mentality because of the mistakes that are constantly made. They test the confidence that must support the athletes in reacting immediately to a single error as well as to an unsatisfying performance.

Teaching young people to acquire this open-mindedness to mistakes, interpreting them as the only opportunity, must be the goal of every coach.

Learning from the mistakes, we learn to learn

Risultati immagini per “I really think a champion is defined not by their wins but by how they can recover when they fall.” ―Serena Williams

Arrigo Sacchi stressed another aspect of this concept, stating that to win you don’t have the problem of winning, otherwise you will never be an innovator.

The objective is therefore “to do things well”, to have a work culture. We all know that “only those who do not do, do not make mistakes”.

If we are aware of this simple truth: we will train our athletes, transferring the idea that making mistakes is a part of the physiology of the race and not something that you can avoid. Let’s train them with this idea and they will become better and more satisfied.

World Health Org: 80% of adolescents is not active enough

W multisports

Let’s rebel against the dictatorship of individual sports for our children! (Of course, this will never happen).Immagine

Challenge yourself

“It is our attitude at the beginning of a difficult task which, more than anything else, will affect its successful outcome.”       William James

Risultati immagini per challenge ourselves

Soccer Together and intellectual disabilities

Some photos with the young with intellectual disabilities of the Soccer Together Project promoted by AS Roma and Accademia Calcio Integrato.