Tag Archive for 'sedentarietà'

The deadly risk of the sedentary life

Strong evidence shows that physical inactivity increases the risk of many adverse health conditions, including the world’s major non-communicable diseases (NCDs) of coronary heart disease (CHD), type 2 diabetes, and breast and colon cancers, and shortens life expectancy. Because much of the world’s population is inactive, this presents a major public health problem.

Worldwide, we estimate that physical inactivity is responsible for between 6% and 10% of the major NCDs of CHD, type 2 diabetes, and breast and colon cancers. And, this unhealthy behaviour is responsible for 9% of premature mortality, or >5.3 of the 57 million deaths in 2008. By eliminating physical inactivity, life expectancy of the world’s population may be expected to increase by 0.68 years. This makes inactivity comparable to the established risk factors of smoking and obesity, discussed below. It is important to interpret the added years of life correctly: they appear modest because they represent gains in the whole population (comprising inactive and active persons), not among inactive persons who become active. Because all the gain accrues to those who move from inactive to active, the increase in life expectancy among the inactive alone is greater. For perspective, other research conducted in the United States estimated that inactive persons would gain 1.3–3.7 added years from age 50 by becoming active. And, among East Asians, life expectancy from age 30 among the active was 2.6–4.2 years greater, compared with inactive persons.”

  • Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) kill 41 million people each year, equivalent to 71% of all deaths globally.
  • Each year, 15 million people die from a NCD between the ages of 30 and 69 years; over 85% of these “premature” deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
  • Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.0 million), respiratory diseases (3.9million), and diabetes (1.6 million).
  • These 4 groups of diseases account for over 80% of all premature NCD deaths.
  • Tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diets all increase the risk of dying from a NCD.
  • Detection, screening and treatment of NCDs, as well as palliative care, are key components of the response to NCDs.

Modifiable behavioural risk factors

Modifiable behaviours, such as tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and the harmful use of alcohol, all increase the risk of NCDs.

  • Tobacco accounts for over 7.2 million deaths every year (including from the effects of exposure to second-hand smoke), and is projected to increase markedly over the coming years.
  • 4.1 million annual deaths have been attributed to excess salt/sodium intake.
  • More than half of the 3.3 million annual deaths attributable to alcohol use are from NCDs, including cancer.
  • 1.6 million deaths annually can be attributed to insufficient physical activity.”

It’s time to sit less!

Is sport for all a lost war?

“Over 6.3 million adults aged 40 to 60 do not achieve 10 minutes of continuous brisk walking over the course of a month and are missing out on important health benefits, according to the Public Health England (PHE10 minutes brisk walking recommendations: evidence summary.

The findings also reveal how lifestyles have changed over time, showing that people in the UK are 20% less active now than they were in the 1960s and on average walk 15 miles less a year than 2 decades ago. The sedentary nature of modern, busy lives makes it difficult for many to find the time for enough exercise to benefit their health.

PHE’s new One You physical activity campaign is encouraging adults to build 10 minutes continuous brisk walking into their day as a simple way to improve their health. This is particularly aimed at those who have an inactive or low activity lifestyle and may find incorporating activity into their day challenging. The ‘Active 10’ app has been developed to show how much brisk walking a person is doing each day and how to incorporate more of it into their lifestyles.

Taking at least 1 brisk 10 minute walk a day has been shown to reduce the risk of early death by 15%. A 10 minute walk can contribute to meeting the CMO’s physical activity guidance of 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise each week. This can lead to health benefits including a lowered risk of type 2 diabetes (by 40%), cardiovascular disease (by 35%), dementia (by 30%) and some cancers (by 20%).

The severity of the current physical inactivity epidemic amongst adults contributes to 1 in 6 deaths in the UK and is costing the NHS over £0.9 billion per year.”

(da gov.uk)

How to win our laziness

19 years have passed from this interview on sedentary lifestyle but I would say the suggested tips to become more active are still valid.

$170 million to fight against sedentary

Unfortunately, the vast majority of Americans don’t get enough exercise and a growing segment doesn’t get any exercise. Technology has allowed us to get by with less and less physical activity. Seventy-five years ago, it was very difficult to even make a living sitting down, but nowadays more and more people work sedentary jobs where they are seated a big portion of the day—and their bodies are rebelling for it!

  • Diabetes is on the increase and predicted to affect 1 in 3 people by 2050.
  • 70.7% percent of Americans aged 20 and older are overweight
  • 37.9% of Americans aged 20 and older are obese
  • Heart disease is still the leading cause of death in America. One in three deaths is related to heart disease

In 2017, US-NIH will launch a huge study to document in detail exactly what is happening in the body when exercising and prove that exercise is medicine.

The six-year, $170 million study will follow 3,000 sedentary people ranging from children to the elderly as they embark on an exercise program. A control group, who will remain sedentary, will also be tracked for comparison.

World Day for Physical Activity

2017-cartaz-agitamundo-en-teaser

The terrible numbers of the Italian sport: sedentary win!

The numbers of the survey regarding the sport practice in Italy by Coni and Istat, show that the sedentary continue to be too many and that the percentage of people doing sport or physical activity does not show significant improvements in all age groups.

In Italy:

  • 25% population practice sport regularly
  • 9.7% sometimes
  • 30.5% practice some physical activity
  • 39.2% are sedentary
  • 30,5%  population with physical active life style in the Northeast
  • 17.5% a re in the South
  • 52.7% of the population in the South are sedentary
  • 5.7% of leisure time of the population between 3-24 years is dedicated to sport for 2h13m per week
  • from 2000 to 2016 the % of practitioners on an ongoing basis has increased by 7%
  • from 2013 to 2016 is increased of 3%

We certainly cannot be satisfied. These data continue to highlight that Italy is split in two in terms of sport and  during the last 18 years the improvement has been really small (8%). This data highlights the lack of national policies for the development of a physically active lifestyle. Sport and physical activity continue to be regarded as leisure activities and not as primary factors for the development of individual and social wellbeing. On the other hand these data were presented without the major sports organizations have denounced their seriousness and the adverse effect they produce on the health of citizens.

Epilepsy and sports

Epilepsy and sports is still a relation not well investigated and especially little practiced. This is because many people continue to believe that sports can be a stress that trigger seizures. Research has shown that this probability is smaller in relation to physical activity than it is on normal daily activities. The question is not about whether playing sports, it regards what are the recommended sports and ones to avoid and how to obtain the medical certification at least to practice non-competitive sports. Also, it needs to remember that a forced sedentary lifestyle causes other problems, typical in those who don’t practice sports as cardio-circulatory problems, type-2  diabetes, breast and colon cancer as well as psychopathological disorders (depression and anxiety). The epilepsy day world should be a time of reflection and proposals on these issues, which will be tackled effectively not individually but only with collaborative networks among the families of these patients, the healthcare system, sports clubs and psychologists and medical experts.

Does it exist in Italy a diffuse sport culture?

Is it possible that one Country with the highest rate of overweight and obese children in Europe, and with a high percentage of sedentary adults be considered a Country with widespread sports culture, defined and shared?

Could it be that it is precisely the model of the sedentary parent to determine the overweight children?

Could it be that it is the absence of physical activity in kindergartens and primary schools to determine the belief that sport and movement are something of peripheral in the well-being of a young development?

Could it be to bring the children to play outdoors is regarded as exhausting ,while it is easier to let them to watch cartoons or to play with the play station?

Could it be to assess the degree in sport science and Prof of physical education as graduates and teachers of lesser value than the other school colleagues, does not serve to continue to depreciate the value of human development through movement?

Could it be that to consider sport as a leisure activity and not as an activity that also permit to improve academic performance leads to its chronic underestimation by the school and parents?

Could it be that if the parents does not share the sport with their children and friends is a way to not get them to play outdoors?

New research reveals the enormous economic burden of physical inactivity

Physical inactivity – a global pandemic that requires global action.A world-first study has revealed that in 2013, physical inactivity cost INT $67.5 billion globally in healthcare expenditure and lost productivity, revealing the enormous economic burden of an increasingly sedentary world.

The study, published today in The Lancet, was led by Dr Melody Ding from University of Sydney, leader of the current Lancet physical activity series

This study provides the first-ever global estimate of the financial cost of physical inactivity by examining the direct health-care cost, productivity losses, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for five major non-communicable diseases attributable to inactivity: coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, breast cancer and colon cancer.

Based on data from 142 countries, representing 93.2 per cent of the world’s population, the researchers conservatively estimated that in 2013 the effect of physical inactivity on these diseases and all-cause mortality cost the world economy more than INT$67.5 billion.

“Physical inactivity is recognized as a global pandemic that not only leads to diseases and early deaths, but imposes a major burden to the economy,” said lead author Dr Melody Ding, Senior Research Fellow from the University’s School of Public Health.

“Based on our data, physical inactivity costs the global economy INT67.8 billion in 2013, with Australia footing a bill of more than AUD $805 million. At a global and individual country level these figures are likely to be an underestimate of the real cost, because of the conservative methodologies used by the team and lack of data in many countries.”

Counting the cost of global of inactivity: 2013    (International dollars)

$67.5bn: Total costs, including $53.8bn in direct cost (healthcare expenditure) and 13.7bn in indirect costs (productivity losses)

$31.2bn: Total loss in tax revenue through public healthcare expenditure

$12.9bn: Total amount in private sector pays for physical inactivity-related diseases (e.g. health insurance companies)

$9.7bn: Total amount households paid out-of-pocket for physical inactivity-related diseases

(Source: University of Sydney)