Tag Archive for 'educazione'

Delaying and reversing frailty in old age: a systematic review

John Travers, Roman Romero-Ortuno, Jade Bailey and Marie-Therese Cooney
Br J Gen Pract 3 December 2018

Abstract

Background Recommendations for routine frailty screening in general practice are increasing as frailty prevalence grows. In England, frailty identification became a contractual requirement in 2017. However, there is little guidance on the most effective and practical interventions once frailty has been identified.

Aim To assess the comparative effectiveness and ease of implementation of frailty interventions in primary care.

Design and setting A systematic review of frailty interventions in primary care.

Method Scientific databases were searched from inception to May 2017 for randomised controlled trials or cohort studies with control groups on primary care frailty interventions. Screening methods, interventions, and outcomes were analysed in included studies. Effectiveness was scored in terms of change of frailty status or frailty indicators and ease of implementation in terms of human resources, marginal costs, and time requirements.

Results A total of 925 studies satisfied search criteria and 46 were included. There were 15 690 participants (median study size was 160 participants). Studies reflected a broad heterogeneity. There were 17 different frailty screening methods. Of the frailty interventions, 23 involved physical activity and other interventions involved health education, nutrition supplementation, home visits, hormone supplementation, and counselling. A significant improvement of frailty status was demonstrated in 71% (n = 10) of studies and of frailty indicators in 69% (n=22) of studies where measured. Interventions with both muscle strength training and protein supplementation were consistently placed highest for effectiveness and ease of implementation.

Conclusion A combination of muscle strength training and protein supplementation was the most effective intervention to delay or reverse frailty and the easiest to implement in primary care. A map of interventions was created that can be used to inform choices for managing frailty.

New proposals to diffuse sport among young

Aspen Institute launched a model of sport development for children and adolescents based on the most recent research in this area with the aim to increase their involvement in sport. The goal is to change the sport culture centered on the early start to a single sport, suggesting the validity of a multi-sports even for future elite athletes. This initiative also aims to increase the number of young physically active that in recent years is narrowing significantly. The project, developed together with the most important sports organizations and worldwide company has been called Project Play – Reimagining Youth Sport in America.

Fig. 6 Physical activity has long lasting benefits that affect all aspects of a child’s life and last into adulthood. (Courtesy of Aspen Institute Project Play) [Citation]  

“Too Small to Fail” very useful for parents and adults

Read Too Small to Fail very useful for parents and adults.

Focusing. Creating. Cooperating. Communicating. These are all important skills children learn when we play with them! Through play, children learn how to problem solve, work together, explore physical movements, overcome challenges, and much more. Play helps children develop critical social-emotional and language skills that will help prepare them for success in school and in life.

As children’s first and best playmates, parents and caregivers play a powerful role in nurturing these skills from birth. Here are a few tips on how you can encourage learning through play:

  • Make the most of your time playing with your child. From they day they are born, children learn through the everyday moments they share with their parents and caregivers. Check out these helpful tips from ZERO TO THREE.

Keep a box of everyday objects like plastic bottles, empty containers or old clothes for dress up. These are great items to help children spark their imagination. Through creative play, children explore the world in their own way, which is important for learning and development. Check out Raising Children Network for fun creative play activities.

Hanan Al Hroub: the best teacher in the world is in Palestine

Hanan Al Hroub is the winner of the 2016 Global Teacher Prize.  Hanan Al Hroub, from Samiha Khalil High School, Al-Bireh, Palestine, grew up in Bethlehem refugee camp where she was regularly exposed to acts of violence. She went into primary education after her children were left deeply traumatised by a shooting incident they witnessed on their way home from school. She specialises in supporting children traumatised by violence. “I am proud to be a Palestinian female teacher standing on this stage. I accept this as a win for all teachers in general and Palestinian teachers in particular,” Al Hroub said. ”We, as teachers can build the values and morals of young minds to ensure a fair world, a more beautiful world and a more free world. “The future seems far and ambiguous, however, when you are involved in making it, the world represents a light.”

Her teaching is based on the following idea “No to violence through playing and learning,”

“We must teach our children that our only weapon is knowledge and education.”

More and more parents are inadequates to play their role

Today’s news that a parent forced his son to take drugs because he had become a swimmer champion  is only the latest in a series of episodes that highlight how many parents have given up not only to carry out their educational role but actually become the main exploiters to meet their frustrations. Not regret the time in when the parents played an authoritarian role  mainly versus the girls and in general do not show a lot of interest toward the males. Being parents in this period is much more difficult than in the past, because you have to know and want to shape the future of  your sons and many parents perceive this role as a tiring job or simply they lack of that sense of responsibility that they should have. It does not matter if you are divorced or not married, what matters it’s the will to play the educational role you are called to do.  Finally, we live in a society in which the appearance and not being it’s more important and where the money is almost the only parameter to show our value. Unfortunately, these cases will increase more and more .