Tag Archive for 'esperienza'

Is it true that we learn from our experiences? (1)

Every person has heard his or her teachers argue thousands of times that one learns to make the right choices through experience, but this statement is far too general; it may be analogous to stating that one grows because one is nourished or that one is alive because one breathes or, more cynically, one puts it in the bill that one who does not learn to swim drowns and onward another.

Knowing that we live immersed in our daily experience, in the experience of others, and in an ever-changing environment is certainly not much more helpful. Every moment of a person’s life is part of the experiences he or she is having small or large, one has experiences from the moment of birth, for example, one learned to walk because as a child one stubbornly wanted to gain autonomy, and to do this one needs to move around. Therefore, all children make regular and continuous efforts to reach a standing position and move expeditiously. But this effort toward change does not end at an early age; it continues at every age.

A company executive told me that his problems began when he came to lead a group; before he had only to think about himself and selling, and this he had learned to do well, until he became the best. At that point he was leading a team that under his leadership should have multiplied results, instead initially it was a disaster because he terrorized his collaborators by telling them they were good-for-nothings. Having reached this point he was forced to change and learn how to manage the team or else his business would fail.

This story, which is quite common with many others that occur daily everywhere, highlights how it is of no use to speak in general terms about experiences; it is essential to understand what the demands of situations are that bring about significant changes in a person’s professional life.

Talent and experience

Learn from experience

Coaches: only the experience is not enough

These ideas come form the book by Henry Mintzberg “Managers not MBAs” (2004), and they are true for the coaches too.

“The key ingredient for management education is natural experience, that has been lived in everyday life on the job and off … The most powerful learning comes from reflecting on experiences that have been lived naturally … Every manager must discover for himself … what works and what does work for him in different situations.” (p. 247).

BUT

“Experience is not enough. People may learn little from their experience, unless they have a means for classifying and analyzing it (Sims et al., 1994) … John Maynard Keynes once quipped, ‘Practical men, who believe themselves to be quite exempt from any intellectual influences, are usually the slaves of some defunct economist.’ In other words, we use theory whether we realize or not. So our choice is between theory and practice, so much as between different theories that can inform our practice.” (p.249-250).

 

 

Basic mental skills

The basic mental skills can be learned at any age and they are independent from the motor and sport skill level.

Cohesion and experience

We hear more and more often that the best footballers are no longer playing in Italy. This explanation is often used to explain bad performances and to justify the poor competitive performances of  players. Personally I think the teams under attack in these first few games from Rome to Milan or Palermo were wrong also for lack of cohesion and reduced use by players of their experience. The tactic or the presence of champions in a team are not everything, it’s also counting the common feeling that we are united and that everyone is a carrier of his professional experiences.  These two aspects allow to the teams to get out of difficult phases of the game; the problems of someone who are balanced by the initiative of someone else. If  these two ingredients are not availables the team does not have a soul and the  players live waiting to have the tactics that will allow them to win. Wrong. It is useful to know what to do but that they must feel responsible for the team mistakes  or those did by a mate otherwise they are just mercenaries that when things are going badly run away.

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Learn from the experience

Thinking of the day. David Seabury, American psychologist, wrote in 1937, “We are able to use the experience more or less like a worm is able to dance on pointe?”

Esperienza vs gioventù

In Inghilterra nella Premier League il numero dei calciatori over-30 è aumentato di molto rispetto a pochi anni fa. Non giocheranno ogni partita e certamente non per 90 minuti, ma i club della Premier League stanno riconoscendo il valore dell’esperienza sull’esuberanza giovanile. Dal punto di vista della coesione di squadra questa scelta sembra confermare l’esigenza di avere gruppi basati non solo sul talento e sulla maggiore disponibilità atletica dei giovani ma anche su calciatori esperti e non più giovani in grado di mantenere sul campo la squadra unita nei momenti di maggiore pressione e di assumere un ruolo positivo anche nello spogliatoio. Una sorta di mentori per i più giovani. Ricordo una risposta di Liedholm quando un giornalista gli chiese quale fosse stato il ruolo di Superchi, secondo portiere della Roma, che non aveva giocato in quel campionato. Disse: “Sa raccontare bene le barzellette.” Nell’umorismo filosofico di Liedholm credo che questa spiegazione nascesse dalla stessa convinzione  che, a distanza di anni, ha spinto le squadre inglesi in questa direzione.