Tag Archive for 'cibo'

Overweight and obesity risk for children with autism

Chanaka N. Kahathuduwa et al. (2019). The risk of overweight and obesity in children with autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews, 20, 667–1679.

This meta‐analysis provides evidence‐based support to suggest that children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) seem to have a greater risk of developing overweight or obesity, particularly when living in the United States. Our results also highlighted non‐Caucasian race, increasing age, female sex, and living in the United States as potential factors associated with an increased risk of developing overweight and obesity in children with ASD.

The mechanisms through which ASD may increase the risk of excessive weight gain and the contributions of the moderators of this association need to be established in pancontinental studies.

Based on our findings, awareness must be raised among practitioners, especially in the United States, about the increased risk of obesity in children with ASD. Clinicians need to be vigilant about these issues, identify potential contributors to the association between ASD and obesity, and develop early interventions to reduce weight gain in this pediatric population.

To tackle chilhood obesity

Protecting children’s rights: why governments must be bold to tackle childhood obesity

Oliver T Mytton, Claire Fenton-Glynn, Emma Pawson Russell, M Viner Sally C Davies

“The UK Chief Medical Officer’s independent review of childhood obesity, Time to Solve Childhood Obesity, was published on Oct 10, 2019.

In England the prevalence of childhood obesity is too high; about 20% of children aged 10–11 years are obese(≥95th centile on the UK90 growth charts).

There is widespread public support for action with three “chapters” of an ambitious plan outlined by the UK Government.

Now we need a focus on implementing solutions, and the independent review calls for bold action to improve children’s health.
Today, the high prevalence of obesity in children is the canary in the coal mine, an early warning that things are wrong in the environment. Too few children have access to healthy, affordable food, and too few are sufficiently active for health. Additionally, many environmental factors contribute to child ill-health:
  • shops and many public places flooded with heavily promoted less-healthy food options;
  • advertising and sponsorship that place less-healthy foods centre stage in young minds;
  • urban streets dominated by traffic, with too few opportunities to walk to school, to ride a bicycle, or simply to play and explore.
These issues affect all our children. However, not all children are affected equally. Children who grow up in deprived neighbourhoods are disproportionately affected.”

Eat better, less and all

Risultati immagini per eat better eat less food for all

France. And then Japan and Canada. Are the three countries where the food is the best in the world. Not for its own taste, but because these are       - among the 25 countries surveyed, representing more than 2/3 of the world population and 87% of global GDP – the most virtuous in the produce, distribute and consume food. Are the countries where farming is more sustainable, they waste less food (and adopt innovative policies to fight the waste) and people eat in a more balanced way, without excesses and deficiencies, attentive to their own health and that of the planet. France gains the first place especially for its innovative policies against waste and for the balanced approach to food. Japan and Canada are the second and third place, thanks to their policies on sustainable agriculture and dissemination of correct and balanced diet. Bottom of the league, India, Saudi Arabia and Egypt, which are facing the dual challenge of obesity and malnutrition.
Italy is a close to an honorable sixth place. It is among the top 10 countries for sustainable agriculture – with excellent performance for diversification in agriculture and the management of water consumption – and it is the European country that marks the best performance for greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture. In addition, Italy has indicated among the countries that are doing more to prevent the waste of food, as demonstrated by the law promulgated last August (together with France, Italy is one of the few countries to have a law that addresses this problem).
Less positive performance regards the nutritional aspects. In brief, we eat too much: we are the third country to overnutrition and in second place for overweight and obesity in the age group between 2 and 18 years. It saves us, however, the awareness – widespread in the population – of the importance of following a balanced diet and healthy, as the Mediterranean diet. Yet, just when the rest of the world celebrates this diet as the best on the planet, the data show that the Italians are leaving, especially the younger generations.

By Filomena Fotia da http://www.meteoweb.eu/2016/12/food-sustainability-index/800895/