Tag Archive for 'sedentarietà'

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Does it exist in Italy a diffuse sport culture?

Is it possible that one Country with the highest rate of overweight and obese children in Europe, and with a high percentage of sedentary adults be considered a Country with widespread sports culture, defined and shared?

Could it be that it is precisely the model of the sedentary parent to determine the overweight children?

Could it be that it is the absence of physical activity in kindergartens and primary schools to determine the belief that sport and movement are something of peripheral in the well-being of a young development?

Could it be to bring the children to play outdoors is regarded as exhausting ,while it is easier to let them to watch cartoons or to play with the play station?

Could it be to assess the degree in sport science and Prof of physical education as graduates and teachers of lesser value than the other school colleagues, does not serve to continue to depreciate the value of human development through movement?

Could it be that to consider sport as a leisure activity and not as an activity that also permit to improve academic performance leads to its chronic underestimation by the school and parents?

Could it be that if the parents does not share the sport with their children and friends is a way to not get them to play outdoors?

New research reveals the enormous economic burden of physical inactivity

Physical inactivity – a global pandemic that requires global action.A world-first study has revealed that in 2013, physical inactivity cost INT $67.5 billion globally in healthcare expenditure and lost productivity, revealing the enormous economic burden of an increasingly sedentary world.

The study, published today in The Lancet, was led by Dr Melody Ding from University of Sydney, leader of the current Lancet physical activity series

This study provides the first-ever global estimate of the financial cost of physical inactivity by examining the direct health-care cost, productivity losses, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for five major non-communicable diseases attributable to inactivity: coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, breast cancer and colon cancer.

Based on data from 142 countries, representing 93.2 per cent of the world’s population, the researchers conservatively estimated that in 2013 the effect of physical inactivity on these diseases and all-cause mortality cost the world economy more than INT$67.5 billion.

“Physical inactivity is recognized as a global pandemic that not only leads to diseases and early deaths, but imposes a major burden to the economy,” said lead author Dr Melody Ding, Senior Research Fellow from the University’s School of Public Health.

“Based on our data, physical inactivity costs the global economy INT67.8 billion in 2013, with Australia footing a bill of more than AUD $805 million. At a global and individual country level these figures are likely to be an underestimate of the real cost, because of the conservative methodologies used by the team and lack of data in many countries.”

Counting the cost of global of inactivity: 2013    (International dollars)

$67.5bn: Total costs, including $53.8bn in direct cost (healthcare expenditure) and 13.7bn in indirect costs (productivity losses)

$31.2bn: Total loss in tax revenue through public healthcare expenditure

$12.9bn: Total amount in private sector pays for physical inactivity-related diseases (e.g. health insurance companies)

$9.7bn: Total amount households paid out-of-pocket for physical inactivity-related diseases

(Source: University of Sydney)

In Italy only the 33% of persons practice sports

Since 10 years the number of persons practicing sports in Italy is not growing and continues to be among the lowest in Europe. It is not just an economic issue due to the crisis, there is no adequate sports and the movement culture

Persons 3 years old and more practicing sports, some physical activities & sedentary persons in Italian Regions ersone sedentarie Year 2015 (percentages)
REGIONI
RIPARTIZIONI GEOGRAFICHE
Praticano
sport
di cui in modo: Praticano
solo qualche
attività fisica
Non praticano
sport né
attività fisica
continuativo saltuario
Piemonte 35,8 24,7 11,2 33,8 30,0
Valle d’Aosta/Vallée d’Aoste 45,0 31,5 13,5 30,0 24,5
Liguria 32,7 24,1 8,6 30,8 36,2
Lombardia 40,7 28,5 12,2 27,2 31,4
Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol 50,9 34,0 16,9 35,4 13,5
Bolzano/Bozen 56,6 36,2 20,4 32,1 10,8
Trento 45,4 31,9 13,5 38,6 16,0
Veneto 40,3 27,9 12,4 32,6 27,0
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 38,5 28,1 10,4 31,6 29,8
Emilia-Romagna 36,0 25,7 10,3 31,7 31,9
Toscana 34,9 25,0 9,9 31,1 33,6
Umbria 31,6 23,0 8,6 28,0 40,0
Marche 35,6 26,5 9,1 27,6 36,4
Lazio 34,8 27,3 7,5 20,6 43,9
Abruzzo 31,7 21,8 9,9 25,7 42,5
Molise 25,4 19,2 6,2 19,0 55,1
Campania 19,5 13,0 6,5 23,1 57,2
Puglia 27,4 19,4 8,0 21,2 51,1
Basilicata 23,9 18,2 5,7 24,0 51,7
Calabria 24,5 17,9 6,6 18,4 56,7
Sicilia 24,4 18,0 6,4 17,5 57,3
Sardegna 34,0 24,6 9,4 29,3 36,3
Nord-ovest 38,6 27,0 11,6 29,4 31,5
Nord-est 39,4 27,7 11,8 32,4 28,0
Centro 34,7 26,2 8,5 25,3 39,5
Centro-Nord 37,7 27,0 10,7 29,0 32,9
Mezzogiorno 24,9 17,7 7,2 21,5 53,2
Italia 33,3 23,8 9,5 26,5 39,9
Source: Istat, Indagine multiscopo sulle famiglie “Aspetti della vita quotidiana”

The bigger risk is keeping kids indoors

ReportCardMasthead_EN

In Canada:

  • Today 41% of the children go to school by car
  • Only 5% of the children are meetinf Canadian PhysicalActivity Guidelines
  • The average 15-17  year old in Canada only walks 11 minutes per day

The disaster of the Italian sedentarity

The sport for all in Italy is now considered to be like the air for the prisoners, toreduce a bit the frustrations that plague us. So at school there are no more than two hours a week and the physical education teacher is the least considered in the class councils. Fortunately, there are parents who are willing to pay to ensure that their children are engaged in a club sport. Not to mention the adult to whom it has never been no policy to introduce them to an active approach to physical activity. It’s an old and repetitive speech that has returned to the fore at the conference organized by the Italian Olympic Committee and Istat on the theme “Sport in Italy – Numbers and Context 2014.”  It  was found that the sedentaries are more than 24 million, or nearly 42 % of Italians. Percentage who is an Everest to the South, 56.2%, while in the North down to 31.7% and Centre to 41%. To understand the dramatic nature of these data, I just remember that in Europe, the countries with higher practitioners, according to the Eurobarometer survey on sport and physical activity, are those of Northern Europe: Sweden, where 70% of people say to do gymnastics or sports at least once a week, they are just over Denmark (68%) and Finland (66%) followed by the Netherlands (58%) and Luxembourg (54%). Negative end of the list, there are Bulgaria, Malta, Portugal, Romania and Italy. Even if the sport as a physically active lifestyle, it’s not part of the Italian political agenda, however, we must move from mere complaint to concrete proposals. I refer to some among those made in the USA from 50 scientific associations, academic and professional skills who sent a letter to Barack Obama to support the urgent need for action in this field to prevent diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular problems and bone and other chronic conditions. The letter takes into account some strategic issues such as:

  • Public education programs to ensure that all Americans understand the benefits of healthy lifestyles and how to take advantage of the range of options open to them;
  • Professional education so that health professionals consider physical activity a vital sign like blood pressure and cholesterol levels, to be monitored and tracked regularly;
  • Electronic Medical Records that include fields for physical activity. As health provider systems convert to EMRs, they can easily begin to track exercise as a vital sign;
  • Medical school curricula that give all physicians an adequate grounding in how to counsel patients on healthy lifestyles, and
  • Increased opportunities for underserved populations to enjoy exercise and physical activity, by addressing disparities in the built environment, access to equipment and other barriers.

100 days to walk or running 30 minutes

With the beginning of spring, longer and warmer days, many people have good intentions to lose weight and start to do  movement. After this first positive moment many of them stop because they are held back from their commitments and duties that do not allow to go to the gym to follow a course, for financial problems, the mental laziness of not being accustomed to thinking of themselves as people physically active and many other justifications that everyone created to continue to do nothing. To these people I want to indicate the initiative to run or walk at least half an hour every day for one hundred days.
It’s evident that for the runners it’s also an inner journey to rediscover the pleasure to walk/run, and this challenge tests not so much the ability to train as to organize better the daily life (“I’ll make walking/running at least half an hour every day for a hundred days consecutive ? “), in fact, the unknown are the life events of every days, and the question changes to” I’ll manage to find time to walk/ run at least half an hour every day” between family , school, work , shopping , lunch, dinner and other daily tasks .

To participate and subscribe go to www.epodismo.com/100 Participation is free .

You can subscribe to:

  • The 100 days of Italy – To celebrate the anniversary of the Liberation (end of 2° world war) walking/running. From 25 April to 2 August 2014.
  • The 100 days of August – Walking/running during the summer holidays. From May 7 to 14 August 2014.

Are you ready to meet this challenge with yourself ?

Running is a democratic activity for the mind

Running is a democratic activity for the mind. We can run slow or fast, for a short time or a long time, we can do it alone or with friends, we can run in the outdoors or on the track, we can alternate running with walking, we can start to run just out home or going to the gym, we  can vary at will the routes and places to run, wherever we are we can go for a run. No other sport is so rich in alternatives to be practiced. It’s democratic because every time we run we are free to choose what to do. For these reasons running stimulate the individual consciousness, which is the art of knowing what we want to do and how. Today I want to run flat on the road, tomorrow in a park and the day after on the track, each of these situations generate different sensations and different types of stride. We must learn to listen, to feel the body sensations, the breath, the heart and the thoughts connected to these sensations. Running mostly means learning to choose which is the most appropriate way for us and especially it means to learn to recognize when it’s time to stop and how to alternate days of intense training with the ones in which we recover. It’s not easy and for this reason it’s useful to follow a training program, simple and suitable for us, but at the same time we must not give up on developing the ability to listen, especially to understand which are the feelings that we should not have (for example, what is that the heart rate must not exceed and that to have in most of the times ). Running is also give a rule, the main one is to have as an objective to continue to run even in a year and do not stop in a month because it was poorly made. An example, to understand how important it’s to follow a rule. If a sedentary person or who does’not practice since many years starts to do 10 minutes of activity 3 times a week, alternating 1 minute of walking and 1 minutes of running  if would increase its commitment by 1 minute per week ( then the second would be 11 minutes x 3 times and so on). In a year he/she would be able to run for 1 hour three times a week. This is a gradual approach that anyone who does not have specific health or overweight problems could be able to maintain.

Physical education in Italy: where is it?

MOVEMENT IS LIFE – the Cinderella of education, “gymnastics” is often considered only in its recreational function. “Movement is life, physical inactivity the fourth leading cause of death” – says Alberto Cei, sports psychologist, professor at the School of Sport, Italian Olimpic Committee – which instead emphasizes the importance for the development of the fundamental dimensions of personality: sociability, intelligence sensory-motor, self-regulation of emotions, self-control, coordination, self-esteem, “the feel good in your own skin.” Read on Corriere della Sera

Walk and find calmness

Today, September 1 marks somehow the end of summer and the beginning of a new period of activity. For many of us want to say to continue to have a sedentary lifestyle  spent in car or public transport and activities where you do not spend a bit of physical energy. We all know  that it’s unhealthy but most of us (in Italy) continue to live in this way by referring to an hypothetical tomorrow all forms of active life because we do not have the time today. At least in Italy there are not solutions shortly to this lifestyle: bike lanes are almost non-existent as well as spaces where walking sure not to be invested, many people take the car for less than one kilometer and young people have no incentive to walking, in many cities public transport  are infrequent and not on time and their use is not promoted by municipalities, at school  we have 2 hours per week of physical activity from elementary to high school,  without to mention the eating habits that lead to having more and more children overweight as 30% of adults. Nevertheless, we cannot just complain because it’s our life and we will not have a second to live. So we have to use our motivation and begin to live in a better way.

To do this we can start by two simple and inexpensive activities: walking 30 minutes every day and spend 15 minutes a day to develop thoughts pleasant and positive, (the one that goes by the saying – indulge in thoughts of peace and calmness -). Before to say that is good for nothing  and come back to our role as a victim of the times, let a little time to try, we will always be able to return to the old habits.

Michelle Obama and the sport at school

From Sport Illustrated Kids, interview to Michelle Obama, talking about the relevance to practice sport at school.

“We have a challenge. Kids are spending most of their day in school, where there is not a lot of activity on a daily basis. And they’re coming home to spend the rest of that day in front of a TV, or on an iPad, or on some kind of screen. So, that leaves very little time for movement. Schools are the best place to incorporate exercise because kids need that break in between studies to just give their minds a chance to settle. We want to make sure people understand that movement isn’t just about being a good athlete. There are a lot of kids who shy away from activity because they think, “Well, I’m not coordinated.” But the truth is that movement is pumping your arms, it’s dancing, it’s touching your toes, it’s identifying your physical strengths and not comparing yourself to your classmate, because we are all different. So we want to make activity fun again for kids in schools.”