Tag Archive for 'Paura'

The psychology of Covid-19 fear

In general, we fear unlikely, catastrophic events like terrorist attacks more than common and deadly events, like the flu. In the case of Covid-19, assessing risk is especially thorny because our objective knowledge of the disease is still evolving.

Humans have evolved to react poorly to that kind of uncertainty and unpredictability, argues Frizelle, because both make us feel “a perceived lack of control.” “We’re human beings, so we’re hard-wired to respond to threats, to protect ourselves,” she explains. “But it’s really difficult to do … when the threat is so uncertain and potentially far-reaching. That’s where you start to see people take on more unusual behaviors.”

Like, say, panic-buying of months’ worth of essential supplies and of non-essential medical materials. While preparedness is good, going to this extreme is not innocuous: It can deprive frontline healthcare workers of crucial medical supplies, like gloves, respirators, and face shields.

Uncertainty also leaves room for false claims—which, in the middle of an outbreak, can “lead to behavior that amplifies disease transmission,” writes epidemiologist Adam Kucharski in The Guardian. We are uniquely bad at spotting misinformation online, in part because we don’t take the time, or don’t know how, to properly fact-check. But it’s also because our memories play tricks on us, encouraging us to believe things we read repeatedly; to look for information that validates our preexisting beliefs; and to remember things that elicit strong emotions more than things that don’t.

There also seems to be something about fear that drives us to point the finger at others. Because the outbreak originated in Wuhan, China, anti-Asian sentiments and attacks have been on the rise. “When people react out of strong emotion, they can make quick, irrational choices,” explains Alison Holman, associate professor in the school of nursing at UC Irvine and expert in health psychology. “There are people who already are prejudiced, and so something like this just reinforces the assumptions and stereotypes they may have in their minds about a particular group of people.”

…And what you can do about it

Metin Başoğlu, a professor of psychiatry and founder of the Istanbul Center for Behavior Research & Therapy, has studied the emotional and behavioral response of earthquake survivors (pdf) and sees parallels in today’s reactions to coronavirus.

After a major earthquake hit Turkey in 1999, killing 17,123 people and injuring 43,953, Başoğlu says many survivors refused to go back into their homes, choosing instead to live in outdoor camps for months. But his team realized that “if we encouraged people to go back to their homes, they recovered quickly.”

He and his colleagues developed a method of coping with post-traumatic stress called Control Focused Behavioral Treatment (CFBT), which was born out of the observation that exposure to a source of stress can create a sense of control over it—a lesson he says applies to epidemics, which are also uncontrollable and unpredictable. “You cannot control every single risk that comes your way in life, and lead a meaningful, reasonable, and productive life at the same time,” he says. “Extensive, unrealistic avoidance is not compatible with survival.”

These experts recommend doing what you can to reassert a sense of control over your fears, without overreacting and risking contributing to public panic. That includes staying informed without overdoing it, says UC Irvine’s Holman. “Too much media exposure, we know, can heighten one’s anxiety. You get what you need, and leave the rest.”

Commonsense precautionary measures are especially important given the high likelihood of contracting Covid-19. There are “important, very basic things that people can do to take back the power here, and control at least to the extent that you can, your degree of vulnerability to this illness,” says Holman. Those include self-isolating and monitoring your temperature if you get sick; washing your hands regularly with soap and water; and staying away from large gatherings, like concerts or marathons.

A rapidly-spreading epidemic can be a particularly tough time for people with preexisting mental health conditions like anxiety or obsessive-compulsive disorder, points out Holman. That’s where social support networks are crucial: “I would recommend that people who tend to be more anxious connect in a safe way with people in their lives who they trust; who can help them calm down; and … who they can turn to for support.”

Above all, health experts say it’s crucial not to let panic take over our decision-making and rational thought processes. Otherwise, says Başoğlu, “the price to pay” could be “much greater than the threat the virus poses.”

To cope with our opponent fear

Tackling one’s fears is a fundamental aspect of young athletes training. Talking about the fears that you feel during the competitions permits to understand that they are part of the competitive commitment and not a symptom of  psychological problems. So, we talk to our athletes about their fears, what blocks them during a game, what are the situations determining this emotion.
Often athletes complain of having competed against opponents stronger than themselves, it happens in team sports but also in sport of opposition (from tennis to boxing, from fencing to wrestling). So what do we do? Do we adapt to this fear and give up because in our minds the result seems obvious? I would say that this is what often happens. Maybe even with the participation of coaches who conceive fear as an emotion of  weak person or themselves do not know how to train the competitive confidence in their athletes.

As performance and sport psychologists we have a duty to pass on the idea, to coaches and athletes, that with the daily work we will overcome the fears. So we deal with this issue openly with the athletes asking: “What are your worst fears?” Let them express in relation to the behaviors they show in these moments and then we start with them a work based on awareness, on the redefinition of fear as a step in the psychological development of the athlete and teach them the psychological strategies and techniques, which are however closely related to the type of sport and the characteristics of each athlete.

Do like in Manchester to win terrorismo fear

The events of recent weeks have driven us to be afraid to go to the public events or take a trip to London but the response should not be to close inside home but to do as in Manchester, 50,000 people together again to say that we trust and believe in freedom. We live in a present dilated at global dimension. Whatever happens somewhere in the world we immediately know, from bombs in Kabul, the attack in London until the panic of the crowd in Turin. They are different stories but linked by the information; we are constantly overwhelmed in real time. This continuous whirl of news has made smaller the world in our perception, because this instant sharing reduces geographical distances and stimulates us to feel in danger. The attacks want to achieve this goal by hitting our lifestyle, the freedom to walk freely in the streets, going to concerts, having fun, going to a game or see it in a square. The speed of information is an additional weapon used by the terrorists, as we know all the while after that happened, without being prepared to mitigate the backlash on our minds. To not feel crushed by the weight of these news and insecurity that can generate, we must then learn to reassure ourselves and who lives with us. In fact, there is no ready way to respond to these tragedies and fears that we seek, we have to keep doing what we’ve always done. Sports and music can help, because they are passion shared and meet in deep the desire to be together. They represent, therefore, an antidote to the unspoken tension lived under skin, which accumulates every day if not melted in the practice of interests that unite, feeling shared emotions and which enrich our existence. We must continue to spread the culture in all its forms from sports to music and art. As individuals we are the keepers of our culture, that we must be able to demonstrate freely, don’t forget it when we’ll we have the doubt to go to a game, to participate in a race or allow our sons to go to a concert.

Totti’s farewell to the fans

Totti’s farewell to the fans: «his strength has been to show their fragility»

The sport psychologist Alberto Cei: «Now Francesco must seek a way to make peace with himself, to fill those voids that inevitably he will have»

Risultati immagini per totti

Having problems is a problem for you?

Did you train yourself with this mindset? Or you have the bad habit to believe that having problems is a problem.

The greatest battles we ever win are the battles that we win against our fears and worries.

Juventus: winning helps to win

Winning helps to win. Probably if Lazio had not scored the goal in the first minutes Juventus would have been much more difficult for the pressure that every Lazio player was playing on them. At the start of the match Juventus did not seem as fighting as it has proven to be the Lazio, perhaps because in the League it had won both times with ease, or because it thought they would not be involved in such an intense manner. The goal conceded  awakened the team from this error of presumption, and not surprisingly Juventus quickly put the result in a draw. Juventus had to be afraid of losing to win. And you have this feeling only when you stand on the edge. The team could not commit another mistake and if you are a great team these are the moments where you have to prove it. The opponent must understand that it’s not enough to scare you to win, it must do more, it must expect your reaction and make the wall. Lazio has not been able to sustain the advantage gained and at the first opportunity it wasted. Lazio had worried Juventus, but now the two teams were back to draw and the match could start again. Only Juventus, at this point, knew the risk run and it would do anything not to fall into it again.

Both coaches have said that the games are made of episodes, it’s true, but for this reason we must know how to build positive episodes, otherwise what is the utility of the training or because theteams do not rely on a magician rather than a coach. I think Lazio has prepared at the best the game coming from two consecutive defeats. It faced a great mental effort to put the opponents immediately in trouble  and throughout the first time succeeded quite well in this endeavor. Juventus suffered at first but then i quickly adapted to the game of Lazio, which at that point was very dangerous only in the action of the double goal post. Throughout the match Juventus have waited at the decisive momentum to blow, it struggled to keep the result in a draw, and when it had the opportunity it tried to score the decisive goal. In football, you do not know when the momentum happens, but if you trusts it comes, as in fact happened. It takes patience and confidence and when you have these two quality the team plays knowing that it’s only a matter of time. For this reason to win helps to win.

Do not have afraid

Do not have afraid to dream big and do what you love

Do not have afraid to be committed at your best

Do not have afraid to lose but look at the next

Do not have afraid of you emotion but manage them

Do not have afraid of your opponents but know your weaknesses and strength

Do not have afraid of passing time but be patient, calm and focused

Do not have afraid to be anxious but use this energy to be a winner

Juventus: from the abyss to success

Juventus had expected the test to be who it said it was and not a scary team in Europe. Juventus has due to arrive on the edge of the abyss to know its value. Juventus in this match has been fighting continuously. Now he must learn to think better as a team. After going ahead, it was expected that the Greeks would attack to get the equalizer and, unfortunately, that’s exactly what happened after just two minutes. Be calm would allow him to predict the reaction of the opponent and get ready to fight it. In fact until the second goal Olympiacos Juventus played and it went on and on but in a confused way. Then the incredible happened, Juventus has changed his fate because the fighting has combined the strength and the conviction that it was possible to win. And that has made ​​all the difference compared to the first half. The next time it might find this state of mind before being at one step from the abyss, because the other teams do not always allow this type of recovery. A big step forward, but the European mentality does not exist yet.

Are you proud to do your best?

An important key point for athletes is to be proud with themselves  for having done their best even if they have made ​​mistakes. In doing so, they will have less fear of making mistakes, as they consider the  information coming from the errors as necessary, though not pleasant, to do better next time. This thinking can lead them to continue  to choose challenging targets because they are not frightened by failure and they are aware that they will always have the opportunity to try it again. In the long period, being focused on performance (do your best) and not on the result (win, lose) will lead them most likely to achieve their potential and to abandon the idea of being afraid of making mistakes.

Confidence and decision are two key factors of a match

In team sports, the technique and tactics must become automatized through training, in this way the players can implement them without thinking in advance how they should have to play, but based on what it’s happening at any given time on the field they know in advance what to do. The intensity and quality of training allow teams to put in place their competences even in difficult conditions, under  stress and fatigue. In addition, the teams that have also top-players obviously have more weapons to prove their worth and prevail over their opponents. There is, however, another factor that may hinder or promote the team play skills. It’s a psychological factor that refers to the mental attitude with which a team takes the field and can thus arise:

  • it’s an attitude convinced of the own abilities and decided to assert them in the field with a combative behavior of the players,
  • it’s an attitude convinced of the own abilities, but for some reason the team believes that this attitude will spontaneously out during the game,
  • it’s an approach not fully convinced of the own abilities and those fears are manifested during the game through game errors.

I am personally convinced of the need to train the players to live the matches with the first attitude of the three, in which the belief is combined with the awareness of having to show this attitude in any moment of the match. Many teams do not always show this attitude and then they make mistakes like those of superficiality made by Juventus players against Galatasaray. Then to play at the highest levels the top players are necessary and the same for the tactical schema, but in the same time it serves to demonstrate that the team  is able to exert a constant pressure on opponents.