Tag Archive for 'FIFA'

Accounting doping is a type of social deception

Doping contabile la Figc si muove per evitare il crac : alcune società di calcio in sostanza si servirebbero di transazioni fasulle tra due club, allo scopo di inserire nei bilanci i nuovi arrivi con una valutazione utile a iscrivere la squadra al campionato o a rispettare il fair play della FIFA.

Si tratta di una forma d’inganno che prevede l’ottenimento di un risultato vantaggioso per la società che lo ordisce, fornendo agli ingannati (Figc, FIFA, altre società di calcio e propri dipendenti) notizie false.

Si può definire, quindi, in termini di azione sociale finalizzata a nascondere gli scopi reali perseguiti da chi inganna e tesa a fare ottenere a loro benefici tangibili. Per la psicologia cognitiva “un inganno è un atto o tratto di un organismo M che ha la finalità di non far avere a un organismo I una conoscenza vera che per quell’organismo è rilevante, e che non rivela tale finalità” (Castelfranchi e Poggi, 1998, p.55). La concezione di atto a cui si fa riferimento parlando di frode riguarda essenzialmente processi consapevoli, condotti in maniera intenzionale. Infatti, le frodi … sono sostanzialmente azioni che si caratterizzano in termini di volontarietà nella ricerca delle strategie d’inganno e dei modi per attuarle. Un’altra componente cruciale del processo di frode consiste nella rilevanza dell’inganno per gli ingannati … La terza condizione, rappresentata dalla mancanza di conoscenza … In altre parole è stato fatto credere il falso e non è stato fatto sapere il vero.

Queste considerazioni introducono un quarto aspetto presente nel processo dell’inganno. Riguarda il non far sapere all’ingannato che lo si sta ingannando. Quando si falsifica si compie esattamente questo tipo di operazione, si forniscono notizie false con il dichiarato intento di far credere che siano vere e si compiono azioni per convincere gli ingannati della bontà di quanto dichiarato.

…  Se la frode consiste, ad esempio, nell’alterazione di bilanci societari o nel mascheramento della loro reale consistenza, allo scopo di ottenere vantaggi per la propria impresa … a consapevole discapito di altri soggetti, risulta abbastanza evidente che le quattro condizioni presentate per illustrare il concetto d’inganno si possono applicare anche al concetto di frode finanziaria e al doping”.

The new lords of fraud: FIFA

Beginning in 1991, two generations of soccer officials, including the then-presidents of two regional soccer confederations under FIFA – the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football, known as CONCACAF, which includes the United States, and the South American Football Confederation, or CONMEBOL, which represents organized soccer in South America – used their positions of trust within their respective organizations to solicit bribes from sports marketers in exchange for the commercial rights to their soccer tournaments.  They did this over and over, year after year, tournament after tournament.

“For instance, in 2016, the United States is scheduled to host the centennial edition of the Copa America – the first time that tournament will be held in cities outside South America.  Our investigation revealed that what should be an expression of international sportsmanship was used as a vehicle in a broader scheme to line executives’ pockets with bribes totaling $110 million – nearly a third of the legitimate costs of the rights to the tournaments involved.

The criminal activity we have identified did not solely involve sports marketing.  Around 2004, bidding began for the opportunity to host the 2010 World Cup, which was ultimately awarded to South Africa – the first time the tournament would be held on the African continent.  But even for this historic event, FIFA executives and others corrupted the process by using bribes to influence the hosting decision.  The indictment also alleges that corruption and bribery extended to the 2011 FIFA presidential election, and to agreements regarding sponsorship of the Brazilian national soccer team by a major U.S. sportswear company.

In short, these individuals and organizations engaged in bribery to decide who would televise games; where the games would be held; and who would run the organization overseeing organized soccer worldwide.  While at least one FIFA executive served as CONCACAF president without pay, there was little altruism involved, as he alone is alleged to have taken more than $10 million in bribes over a 19-year period and amassed a personal fortune from his ill-gotten gains.  In many instances, defendants and their co-conspirators planned aspects of their scheme during meetings held here in the United States; they used the banking and wire facilities of the United States to distribute bribe payments; and they planned to profit from their scheme in large part through promotional efforts directed at the growing U.S. market for soccer.”

US Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch

 

Soccer must be adapted to environmental realities in which it’s proposed

At Tehran for the 2nd International Congress on Science and Football with the participation of FIFA President Mr. Blatter and many great coaches clearly brings out the need for training systems are house suitable to the environmental and organizational realities in which you work. In fact, the main mistake to avoid is to copy the models of the big European teams, because the reality in which they might be established are very different from those in Europe. In this respect it was reminded of a Velasco’s phrase that well describes the approach that coaches and executives should have: “the reality is what it is and not what you would want to be.” Only by starting from this approach coaches and managers can be useful for the development of soccer in many countries in Asia. For what concerns myself, personally I held a workshop on “The relation between coaches and players.” Tomorrow another two titled “The mental coaching for football players” and “Improving concentration in football teams.”