Tag Archive for 'etica'

If all is subjective, we lost the values

Interview at Giuseppe De Rita on Repubblica.it

So what? Where do these violent and widespread behaviors come from? They are the result of a collective culture, to which the bourgeoisie is certainly no stranger, which enhances the competitive part of each of us. They are the children of a great wave of subjectivism that, if it is not governed by ethics, comes to produce this reality. We have taught our children that it is necessary to emerge, to excel, there are those who can do it by going to train at Bocconi, doing internships in companies of name. And who, instead, tries to emerge in his community with what he has: martial arts, muscles, the big voice, what it takes to overcome others. Nothing new: those who have less culture express themselves in this way, they rely on physicality to appear, to emerge”.

In short, a desolating anthropological desert.Subjectivity is the real evil of these last 50 years. If everything becomes subjective, subjective is also ethics and the search for freedom from everything and at all costs. This is how it is among young people who fight or rape to emerge as in the world of economics: if we recognize that personal subjectivity wins over everything, then it is easy to understand how to get to Colleferro”.

Should we let sports teach children moral and ethical values?

Do we teach ethic and moral values to the children and youth athletes?

Watch this interesting video.

Risultati immagini per Should We Let Sports Teach Children Moral and Ethical Values?

The coaching social value

Today in Roma there will be the Conference of Reinhard Stelter regrading the social individual value connected to the coaching process, I propose again the review of his book about this topic.

A Guide to Third Generation Coaching

Reinhard Stelter

Dordrecht: Springer Science, 2014, p.254

http://www.springer.com/new+%26+forthcoming+titles+(default)/book/978-94-007-7185-7

This book talks about coaching from a societal perspective. Since the beginning coaching has been interpreted as a process to increase managers’ skills and in any case as a system to approach and solve problems. Third Generation Coaching   is oriented on values  and create meaning underlying aspirations, passions and habits. This concept remember me the Amartya Sen identity idea, when he explains that every day we are part of different groups and in this way we have a multiple identity, build on this different contexts and roles. Thus, Third Generation Coaching talks about our identity, view as interpersonal process continuously in movement. Coachees and coaches  live a space of self-reflection not to improve specific competences but to permit to the coachees to know better themselves and may be to see their life in a new perspective.  Really, this coaching vision is an invitation to change stride, moving to a different interpretation of our life.  For this reason Stelter underlines the main role played by values “as important landmarks for navigating in life.” Today where financial fraud in business and doping in sport are so diffuse, a changing process based on values and ethics became fundamental to guarantee social respect and freedom form illegal actions. In fact, Stelter developed this new coaching approach in a time where values are not very well represented in our society, where at the contrary every day the newspapers published news about bankruptcies or doping cases like the most famous is Lance Amstrong fall. The book talks about the necessity to build in professional or every life meaning-experiences, based on our past stories and the present in order to have a better future. Third Generation Coaching changed also the coach role, he/she became a facilitator of the coachee’s reflections concerning is cultural roots and social relations, very important because determining his/her confidence into the social environments. Third generation coaching proposes a form of dialogue where coach and coachee are focused on creating space for reflection through collaborative practices and less concerned with fabricating quick solutions. Aspiring to achieve moments of symmetry between coach and coachee, where their dialogue is driven by a strong emphasis on meaning-making, values, aspirations and identity issues. Coach and coachee meet as fellow-humans in a genuine dialogue. I can say that also in sport we assisted in an evolution of this kind in the program of athletes’ mental coaching. Till 10 years ago the programs for them were related almost exclusively to increase specific mental skills, to use during the most important events. At this approach, successively, has been added an approach more oriented to reflect about their life style, to the positive role the athletes can play in our society, to doping as negative value for them and for the society because based on deception.

The culture of mental toughness

The development of mental toughness has often been regarded as a strictly individual factor and we have few information to understand how the sport organizations show and build their culture of toughness and how this promotes the athletes’ toughness .

The article by Eubanks, Nesti e Littlewood (2017), A culturally informed approach to mental toughness development in high performance sport, IJSP, 48, 206-222, revived some new insights about this topic.

The purpose is to explore the importance of culture in the development of Mental Toughness (MT). This is done by means of a critical review of the current literature that exists in relation to the conceptualisation, definition and development of the concept. We argue that despite recent advances in our understanding, most research into MT has focused on the characteristics of mentally tough individuals. Although important and useful, the role of the environment, culture and context, and how these impact MT and its development has been given somewhat less attention and is perhaps not well integrated into practice.

The notion of Mental Toughness (MT) being broadly represented by “the ability to achieve personal goals in the face of pressure from a wide range of different stressors” (Hardy et al., 2014).

One of the criticisms frequently levelled at psychology as an academic discipline is that it often focuses on the individual, and forgets, or ignores the environment within which the individual exists.

Culture may be best seen as the hidden yet influential force, involving core values, beliefs, and traditions that operates as a type of soft power, which shape the working practices, ideas, strategies and philosophies of groups and individuals.

Weinberg et al. (2011) focused on the views of ten National Collegiate Athletic Association head coaches, who reported that a tough physical practice environment, a positive men-tal environment and an environment that provided mental toughness awareness and learning opportunities were fundamental to MT development.

The authors said that is clear that the optimum environments to build MT are those that are imbued with a challenging and stimulating culture, where personal responsibility is emphasised in all things.

 

When you do not like to win easy

Often the daily facts help more than words to explain concepts that otherwise seem just pretty words often too far  from the reality. The sport fairness, the desire to play and to give up to an easy victory, to prefer the values ​​of healthy sporting competition are all concepts that become tangible in the episode described below and published in the Italian newspaper “Gazzetta del Mezzogiorno.” Here’s what  ithappened in Foggia, in the youth national football championship (14-16 years old).

“For many it does not matter how to win, the important thing is to win. This thought did not touch at all the ersmanag and players  of the National League Pro Soccer of Foggia team on sunday morning – on the pitch of Rocchetta Sant’Antonio, a small village in the Apennine Daunus – waiting for the arrival of the same age team – Ischia Green Island – to play the match … It was scheduled at 11am, but just few minutes from the kick-off  the team Ischia there was no there, until the call of the Ischia manager: “We have a wrong turn and ended up at a dead end by a landslide. The bus is stuck and we try to walk.” … they understood immediately that Ischia team by walking, it would never come on time. So instead of thinking about the game, they would have won without playing, the Foggia manager alerted the Police, the local branch of Civil Protection, and they started a procession of cars made ​​by the inhabitants of Rocchetta Sant’Antonio, parents of boys and also by the parents of the Ischia boys who had come regularly to the Ischia field. The aid has paid off . The boys arrived at the Ischia field half an hour after the scheduled start of the match, but just in time to play … The moral: win is nice, but only after playing , because winning without playing is as if I did not win” (from La Gazzetta del Mezzogiorno).

(by Daniela Sepio)

Win one football, give one football

With the “Win one football, give one football,” Coca-Cola has tried to link the soccer of the superstars to the social: the spark that created this link is represented by the football Brazuca, the same used during the World Cup in Brazil. 3.000 football will be given to Uisp sport clubs involved mainly in ethical and social projects. This colorful balloon was the protagonist of a great festival on the beach in Rimini, where it has been organized the “Challenge collective dribbling” among all participants.

Brazuca was donated at the first. Uisp-Italian Union of Sport for All along with Coca Cola are together to promote the ethical and social football. During the month of June, Coca-Cola has raffled off 50 footballs every day. Thanks to the “Win one football, give one football” to win every football Coca-Cola gave another to Uisp, non-profit association, for football projects with characteristics of ethical and social commitment.

“Uisp football is  passion and fun, not forgetting to look around – says Simone Pacciani,  Uisp vice-president  - this popular sport provides  opportunities of relationships and integration, each team is a small community of people who know each other and helps each other. Uisp football  is friendship and active lifestyle for all ages. Every weekend Uisp organized throughout Italy 10,000 football matches. A world of social cohesion that does not know no borders.”

Are too old the ethic rules?

At least 10 years ago in a publication of the Italian Football Federation dedicated to football, school and education we wrote .

Whatever my role in the sport , even that of a spectator , I pledge to:

  • Make each game , no matter the stakes and the importance of the event, a special moment, a kind of celebration
  • Conform to the rules and the spirit of sport practiced
  • Respect my opponents like myself
  • Accept the decisions of the referees and judges sports, knowing that, like me, have the right to error, but they do everything to commit
  • Avoid aggression in my actions, in my words and in my writings
  • Do not use tricks nor deceit to gain success
  • Remain worthy in victory as in defeat
  • Helping other sports with my presence, my experience and my understanding
  • Help any athlete injured, whose life is in danger
  • Really be an ambassador of the sport, helping to enforce around me the principles established here

But now we hear that saying “S… ” is just a word like any other because it is widely used in everyday language and so it is not offensive. It’s clear, the guys who insult the players are not delinquents as those that football has accustomed us to see, and who are not prosecuted. This does not mean that children should be taught the good manners and to behave in public, primarily by parents.

Ezio Glerean’s ideas to save Italian football

Are we  facing the Italian football perniciously contaminated ?
“We have become poor and we do not want to admit it. Many of my colleagues who also train in second division would like to go abroad tomorrow, because there is no future here . There are more samples , we are stuck with Totti and Del Piero and it’s a problem of education. In Spain they win so much because there are talents well behaved since the football school. Here, the schools are all to be rethought.”

That’s the problem, but the solution?
“Less campus paid for the ambitions of parents and more “ethical campus” where to teach children the fundamental rule: play for fun with the friends and not to be or become ” numbers “of this football grinder.”

Truce: did we arrived at the end?
“No, we can still hope if we decide to follow the direction of Cesare Prandelli. The head coach of the national team is the only one with his football, that first of all like to play, education and respect for rules, continues to hide the many flaws in our system.”

His philosophy, that perhaps no president would be willing to marry .
“One , yes, but sadly no more. It was Angelo Gabrielli , the president of my Citadella. I still have a dozen letters of this remarkable man and the most beautiful are those who wrote to me after the defeats. Someone will end up in the book I’m writing ( Mazzanti publisher) and so I hope that will make people think and read those officers and prosecutors who are ruining this game.”

You insists on the concept of “game”, maybe that is not the case you recommences coaching boys.

“If there is a serious and educational project I am willing to start over even the last step of amateurism. But first I would like to see a country where football is played at school. I would like to youth matches at the sun light and not matches in the spotlight or the frozen fields, only to show them that at 10 years they have already professionals. I would like to see everyone play on the same team: good and less good, rich and poor, healthy children and those with disabilities and to do it with a smile . Because what it’s missing above all things in this sport is the joy, the smile . “

But who can restore the smile to this generation.
“We need teachers, like those that I had. Gino Costenaro, who went to take us to school in his team at “oratorio” in Portogruaro. Then, from there, put me in the arms of Luisito Suarez who coached the young players of Genoa. Suarez came into the locker room with his elegant shoes tied on the shoulder and said to us: ” Do you see ? They are shiny and I clean them always me alone. It is for this reason that I came up to the Golden Ball.” If we teach these little things, as to take care themselves at own football shoes, then maybe these guys will still grow big dreams in the pitch, and perhaps also in life.”

(By Massimiliano Castellani, Avvenire.it)

The intensity of the personal ethic

“Dignity. Wonder if the meaning of this word will ever be able to make inroads in the sport of  epo damned” (Eugenio Capodacqua) that the  investigation of the French Senate Commission about the 1998 Tour de France  has revealed and among which there are also Marco Pantani (winner of that edition) and Mario Cipollini. I suggest that there cannot be dignity without the presence of a certain degree of personal morality intensity, that can be described as follows:

“A further psychological dimension that has emerged as relevant to explain the unlawful conduct concerns the moral development, the ability to recognize an ethical dilemma and to deal with ethical situations. The intensity of individual morality affect the four phases of the moral decision cycle: the recognition of the existence of a moral problem, the moral judgment, the moral actions and act following these intentions. These phases interact well with the six dimensions that constitute the moral intensity:

  1. relevance of the results – refers to the sum of the benefits from having completed the actions;
  2. social consensus – refers to the extension of the acceptance regarding the ethic of the behaviors;
  3. the probability – refers to what percentage is considered conceivable that the consequences have a positive effect;
  4. temporal immediacy – is the amount of time that elapses between the end of the action and the beginning of the consequences;
  5. proximity – defines to what extent, who will use the impact may become identified as the beneficiary or victim;
  6. concentration effect – refers to the number of persons affected by the results obtained. “

The new scandals on doping in track and field

Business and track and field are the same rules: it’s not only sufficient to be the fastest, you need to have ethic behaviors. The last doping cases teach us, read more on http://huff.to/12VdYSC