Tag Archive for 'auto-controllo'

Why is self-control so difficult during the competition?

The self-control of the sports performance is a very difficult task even for the expert athletes.

But who can be defined as an expert? Who is able to effectively manage a sequence of increasing challenges in specific situations.

Self-control is based on the development of the  self-regulation skills in three distinct areas:

  • behavioral self-regulation – the athletes act observing them-selves and strategically adjust their behaviors.It happens when an athlete misses a shot and decide what to do to correctl it in the next action,
  • environmental self-regulation – the athletes adapt them-selves to environmental conditions or outcomes. In shooting sports the athlete can change the lens color  as a function of the light conditions or may take more time before the execution.
  • covert self-regulation – the athletea are aware of their cognitive and emotional processes and decide whether to persevere in those conditions or changing them. During the performance or training thoughts and emotions prepare the athlete to speak at his/her best or they can be a source of problems to solve.

The expert athlete must be accurate and consistent in performing these activities of self-regulation by monitoring in the same time the results of the performances, so as to be aware of what are the best conditions to compete effectively and increase self-confidence.
The mental coaching is the means by which to train these skills.

The three aspects of self-control

The goal of an athlete is to be always proactive in competitions and, therefore, not to suffer what happens in the race. Each athlete must indeed enhance self-control, because otherwise every fact can distract him/her from the performance. In my view, there are  three forms of self-regulation:

  1. Behavioral control – means knowing to adapt your behaviors to the game situations. A player who misses an easy goal should think about his mistake and immediately understand what he must do differently to avoid falling into the same situation. For example, I do not know if Balotelli, who has lose 3 goals in the derby, after the first error stopped himself a moment to reflect on how to do better in the next occasion.
  2. Environmental control – concerns such as how to react to those fans who whistle at you all the time. It’s happened yesterday in Turin, where Giovinco was constantly booed by fans of his team. He continued to play without being influenced, scored a goal and not cheered.
  3. Thoughts and emotions  control – refers to what make athletes when they are anxious or feel too much the competition and regards all those mental acts, which of course are not visible, but they help the athletes to put themselves in a favorable psychological condition.

For any athlete to be aware of these three aspects of self-control can be very useful for building a mental approach to the race that is really useful.