Monthly Archive for December, 2020

Why does exercise remain underutilized in clinical practice?

Ekkekakis, P. Why Is Exercise Underutilized in Clinical Practice Despite Evidence It Is Effective? Lessons in Pragmatism From the Inclusion of Exercise in Guidelines for the Treatment of Depression in the British National Health Service.

Kinesiology Review, 2020

Exercise remains greatly underutilized in clinical practice for reasons that are only partly understood. This critical review situates the problem within the broader political and economic context. It focuses on depression, the leading cause of disability worldwide, and the processes that followed the inclusion of exercise as a treatment option in clinical practice guidelines in the British National Health Service. The review highlights previously unaddressed phenomena, including antiexercise lobbying by primary care physicians and efforts to present the evidence for the antidepressant effects of exercise as weak, nonexistent, or methodologically flawed. Notably, the field of kinesiology remained silent while these processes unfolded. This information suggests that the path from research evidence to implementation in clinical settings remains dependent on factors beyond the amount and quality of research evidence. The review underscores the need to vigilantly monitor, critically appraise, and actively participate in the clinical research literature and the development of guidelines.

Walking keeps death away

Association of Daily Step Count and Step Intensity With Mortality Among US Adults

JAMA. 2020; 323(12):1151-1160.

Question  What are the associations between daily step counts and step intensity with mortality among US adults?

Findings  In this observational study that included 4840 participants, a greater number of steps per day was significantly associated with lower all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio for 8000 steps/d vs 4000 steps/d, 0.49). There was no significant association between step intensity and all-cause mortality after adjusting for the total number of steps per day.

Meaning  Greater numbers of steps per day were associated with lower risk of all-cause mortality.

At this time of year, plans are always being made to improve our lives in the coming year. This research provides us with an opportunity to make an important and meaningful choice for our well-being. It’s free and affordable for everyone. It involves walking, an activity that many of us do on an extremely limited basis. It does not matter the speed, to obtain benefits it is enough to move with our pace, however, it is necessary to do 8,000 a day to obtain this positive result that will make us live better and longer.

Expedición invernal al K2

La expedición invernal al K2 ha alcanzado el Campo Base dos días antes de lo previsto. Terminada la marcha de aproximación, @sergi_mingote y sus compañeros se preparan para resistir enero y parte de febrero.

The Italian Tamara Lunger also attempts the #K2. If successful, she would be the first woman to reach the summit of an eight-thousander in winter in a first ascent and on the same mountain in two different seasons.


Happy New Year to Sport Psychology

Sport psychology has come a long way since the beginning of the 60′s, in the period 1959-1963 300 articles were published. We continue to think that it is a young discipline but it would be better to start thinking that on the contrary it is a part of psychology now well established and internally very differentiated.

Suffice it to say that next to the classic distinction between sport psychology and exercise psychology, several other areas have emerged as it was already highlighted by Robert Singer in the introductory report to the ISSP World Congress in Lisbon in 1993.

On the other hand there are at least 10 journals of sport psychology and every year dozens of books on sport psychology are published worldwide.

Sport psychology enjoys good health and now offers the same opportunities that it can be found in other areas of psychology. It is also highly regarded by athletes and coaches who understand its function.

So my dear Sports Psychology I wish you a prosperous 2021!

Juventus’s collettive collapse

Juventus-Fiorentina ended last night 0-3. A totally unexpected result and not explainable only because of Cuadrado’s expulsion or bad luck. In sports psychology what happened is called collective collapse. This phenomenon occurs when in a team most of the players suddenly play below their skill level despite having had a favorable start to the game or when they perform below expectations from the beginning.

Studying team sports in Sweden, Apitzsch [2019] found from the statements of 146 players and 15 elite coaches that 70.8% claimed to have experienced such an experience at least once during a league and predominantly while playing away from home.

This phenomenon is mainly attributable to insufficient and negative communication, non-acceptance of the role on the field and negative emotional contagion among players during the game. A kind of social loafing that has prevented Juventus from committing to 100%, determined by a loss of motivation due to the perception of playing against a weaker opponent and that, instead, had prepared the match in the best possible way and demonstrated its value on the field.

In soccer the most relevant episodes of collective collapse happened during the semifinal of the 2014 World Cup held in Brazil, where the Brazilian national team lost 7-1 against Germany and in 2005 during the Champions League final Milan-Liverpool held in Istanbul, when the Italian team lost the match after having concluded the first half in advantage of 3-0.

Merry Christmas

 My CHRISTMAS present

comes from the words of Billie Jean King:

Keep learning, keep learning how to learn

and be the the problem solver

During the competitions are you aware of your thoughts ?

Athletes are often unaware of the role of their thoughts during a race.

In my opinion they make these mistakes:

  • They confuse having respect for the opponents with being afraid of them
  • They have a vision of themselves as athletes not very global and have the myth of physical fitness and technical perfection
  • They do not think that their opponents probably lives the same situation as them
  • They do not mentally hold up their positive results instead of benefiting from them for the next ones
  • They don’t understand that being in difficulty is normal believing that it shouldn’t happen
  • They think “But he/she is a champion” and not that he/she has trained better than them

Tell your dream

Tell your dream. We will help you to reach it

CEI Consulting helps athletes to:

Identify their specific concentration strengths and weaknesses with the most sophisticated performance enhancement assessment system

  • Be aware of their performance profile with a 360° assessment program (technical, mental and physical).
  • Be aware of their skills when compared with those of the best athletes in the world.
  • Develop coaching programs for improving and performing at their best.

CEI Consulting uses The Athlete’s Mental Edge, an exclusive performance enhancement system used by Olympic and championship-level athletes worldwide. It is a distillation of 30 years of research made in USA and Canada, Europe and Australia and hands on consulting with many of the world’s greatest athletes.

CEI Consulting is an assessment and coaching program including the following areas:

1. Your goals

  • How establish goals
  • Which commitment show the tough athletes
  • The correct mental habit during the coaching sessions
  • The focus: on the performance and not on the results
  • The athlete main mental mistakes

2. The stress management

  • What is relaxation
  • Strategies of optimal activation pre-event
  • How to learn relaxation and reach the right activation
  • When/how to use them during the competition

3. The concentration

  • Which kind of focus you need
  • Strength and weakness points of each athlete
  • The focus during the performance
  • Exercises to be focused during the coaching




4. Which are your fears

  • Are you worried about what?
  • Are you ready to perform, to do your best?
  • Is the fear useful?
  • How to manage the fear

5. Planning the competition

  • How to stay in your individual zone of optimal activation
  • One hour before the events: what to do
  • Your thoughts and feelings before the beginning and during the event
  • What to do during the competition days

Giampaolo case-study: is it useful to fire the Torino coach?

Research has used data from Serie A from 2007-2008 to 2016-2017 seasons analyzing team performance after a coaching change [Argentieri, Canova, & Manera, 2019].

The results are consistent with the available literature and emerges that coach replacement is not useful in influencing team performance and, therefore, has no significant effect on team outcomes. No significant long-term impact of coach change is shown. In those cases where a positive impact of turnover was found this occurred only in the very short term, primarily driven by an increase in player motivation and commitment determined by the emotional shock brought about by the change, thus contributing to a streak of positive results. Over time, however, this effect disappears and, in fact, turns out to be negative. These data are similar to those highlighted in relation to coach change in basketball (NBA), English soccer and ice hockey (NHL).

However, some considerations arise from professional experience and relate to the following points.

  • Teams that change coaches frequently are not successful teams and this negative outcome would be fostered by too frequent turnover.
  • Possible real incompetence of the coach and, therefore, the team’s failures are determined by the insufficient competence of the coach.
  • The coach has been sacrificed as a scapegoat, other are the causes that have determined the conflicts and, in this way, the managers of the sports club, putting the blame on the coach, the easiest method to solve the problems of the team.

Which is your word of the year

Many have proposed different words to define 2020. Most of the choices are about what happened and refer to the pandemic that hit us. the most chosen also on the basis of the words searched on the web are: Lockdown chosen by Collins Dictionary, Pandemic by Merriam Webster while for Cambridge Dictionary it is Quarantine and for Oxford Language it is not possible to choose only one.

I personally agree with Arianna Huffington in choosing Resilience as the word of the year. She wrote:

“The reason “resilience” is my word of the year is because, unlike quarantine and coronavirus and social distancing, resilience is the only one that’s going to be just as relevant when the pandemic is over. Resilience is the quality that was summoned in us by all the challenges of 2020. And it’s also the quality that’s going to carry us forward into 2021.

Resilience is often spoken about — including in the Oxford dictionary definition — in terms of navigating or simply getting through challenges. But the key part of resilience isn’t about bouncing back, it’s about bouncing forward. It’s about using adversity as a catalyst to get better and become stronger.”